Heller-Brown Building, 110159
Departments/ProgramsLatin American and Latino Studies
The Heller School for Social Policy and Management
DegreesUniversity of Florida, Ph.D.
University of Florida, M.A.
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, B.A.
ExpertiseGender, culture and sustainable development/conservation; Gender, livelihoods and social differentiation; Globalization gender and livelihoods; indigenous peoples and ethnicity in development; ethnic spirituality and health;
ProfileA social scientist (B.A. from the Universidad Catolica del Peru, 1976) and an anthropologist (Ph.D. from the University of Florida, 1998), Cristina worked for 25 years as a researcher and program manager in sustainable development, with social groups as diverse as goat herders, poor farmers in the Andes and the Amazon or migrant rural workers in large sugar mills on the coast of Peru. She focused on the links between gender, livelihoods as adaptive strategies to natural environments and changing macroeconomic contexts, and the role of culture and ethnicity maintaining or contesting social hierarchies. Her professional experience ranges from working within a small NGO she co-founded in Peru to heading the Global Social Policy Program for IUCN, an international conservation organization with operation on five continents. She has taught for more than ten years within international graduate programs in the USA and her courses at the MA in SID at the Heller School include: Gender & development, Gender & globalization, Gender & the environment, Gender Analysis, Indigenous peoples & development, Education, gender & development, Shifting development paradigms, Development in Latin America and Interdisciplinary applied research design for development.
Cristina's publications include books like Unveiling Differences, Finding a Balance (IUCN, 2004), Desenredando el Laberinto (IUCN, 2002) Migracion, Familia y Socializacion: los cortadores de cana de azucar de Patapo-Pucala (CE&DAP, 1987), more than 15 articles in peer-reviewed journals, in addition to book chapters and technical reports. In addition, Cristina has been serving as a reviewer for major peer review journals such as Human Ecology.
In the second half of 2015 Professor Cristina Espinosa was invited to serve as a manuscript reviewer for prestigious peer review journals such as World Development (Elsevier), SAGE Open Journal and the International Journal of Rural Development (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia) on topics of her expertise. On September of 2015 she was invited to participate in the Brandeis Diversity Conference 2016 “Recognize, Empower, Change" where she will facilitate a student workshop.
|HS||204f||Education, Gender and Development|
|HS||213f||Development in Latin America|
|HS||223f||Gender and Development in the Context of Neoliberalism and Globalization|
|HS||224f||Gender and the Environment|
|HS||244f||Interdisciplinary Applied Research Design for Development|
|HS||259f||Topics in Sustainable Development|
|HS||283f||Gender and Development|
|HS||288f||Shifting Development Paradigms|
|HS||313f||Indigenous Peoples and Development: Challenges and Synergies|
Awards and Honors
Special Recognition for Acts of Kindness - from President Lawrence (nominated by students) (2014)
Latin American and Latino Studies Faculty Development Award (2012)
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Social Difference and Exclusion and our Visions on Diversity." Brandeis Diversity Conference. Hassenfeld Conference Center. February 27 of 2016.
Espinosa, Cristina. "Indigenous Peoples and Development at the panel Conflicting visions: modern economic development models and indigenous minorities." Second Annual Latin American Conference "Identity and the case for regional policies". Harvard JFK School for Social Policy. 04/18/2015.
Espinosa, Cristina. "“The construction of social exclusion, diversity and identities”.." SEED (Students Exploring & Embracing Diversity) event organized by Brandeis Admissions Office. International Business School - Brandeis. November 7-9, 2014.
Espinosa, M. Cristina, Bernd Reiter and Ulrich Oslender, Editors, ed. ESPINOSA, Cristina. 2014. “Can Development bridge the gap between activism and the academe?”. Michigan State University Press, 2014.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. ""Indigenous Peoples, the Amazon and Development in Brazil: Whose rights? Whose visions?”." Brazil’s Balancing Act: Reconciling the Demands of Economic Development, Environmental Protection and Indigenous Rights. IBS/ICEJPL-Ethics Center. (www.brandeis.edu/ethics/events/Brazil). USDAN International Lounge. March 5, 2013..
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Gender Equity, Health and Cultural Tensions in the Amazon." Woodrow Wilson Center -. 10-22-2012.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "“Taking the pulse of Gender Mainstreaming in Development in times of neoliberal globalization.”." Oxfam America – Boston Office linked via internet with the New York Office. Event organized as part of the Women’s Day Event.. March 2012..
KIMKUNG, Pamela and Cristina ESPINOSA. "“The Gender Dimensions of Violence and Conflict: The Case of Inter-Ethnic Land Conflict in Mt. Elgon, Kenya.." International Journal of Development and Conflict 2. 3 (2012).
Espinosa, Cristina. "“The role of gender and ethnicity in the use of wildlife in the Peruvian Amazon.”." CourseReader: Case studies in anthropology. Ed. Gale, 2011. Detroit:, 2011
Espinosa, M. Cristina, ed. “Negotiating Nature, Gender & Modernity in the Peruvian Amazon”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science., Vol. 1. No. 16 2011.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "“Negotiating Nature, Gender & Modernity in the Peruvian Amazon”." International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol_1. No_20 (2011): <(http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_1_No_20_December_2011/2.pdf)>.
NAMATOVU, Regina and Cristina ESPINOSA, ed. “Engendering the Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Unveiling the Links between Formal and Informal Sectors in the Mining regions in Zambia and their Gender Implications.”. International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol 2. No.20 2011.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Globalization and the Separation of Indigenous Genetic Resources from Indigdenous Peoples: The Blooming Alpaca Industry in the USA and its Impact on Andean Alpaqueros." The Fourth World 8. 2 (2010).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Why Gender in Wildlife Conservation? Notes from the Peruvian Amazon." The Open Journal of Anthropology 3. (2010).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "“Negotiating Nature, Gender & Modernity in the Peruvian Amazon”." International Conference Beyond Essentialisms: Challenges of Anthropology in the 21st Century, Department of Anthropology, University of Ljubljana - Slovenia. Department of Anthropology, University of Ljubljana, 2010.
NAMATOVU, Regina and M. Cristina ESPINOSA.. “Engendering the Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Unveiling the Links between Formal and Informal Sectors in the Mining regions in Zambia and their Gender Implications.”. UNDP - New York: 2010.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. ""Negotiating Landscapes, Survival and Modernity: Goats, Migration and Gender in the Arid Lands of Northern Peru."." Culture & Agriculture 31. 1 (2009): 39-48.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Ethnic Spirituality, Gender and Health Care in the Peruvian Amazon." Ethnicity & Health 14. 5 (2009).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "What has Globalization to do with Wildlife Use in the Remote Amazon? Exploring links between Macro-economic Changes, Markets and Community entitlements." Journal of Developing Societies Vol 24(4): 489–521 24. 4 (2009): 489-521.
Espinosa, Cristina. Unveiling Differences, Finding a Balance. Social Gender Analysis for Designing Projects on Community-Based MAnagement of Natural Resources.. First ed. Quito: IUCN South America/ IUCN Global Social Policy Program, 2004.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. Desenredando el Laberinto. First ed. Cambridge, UK: IUCN Publications/IUCN South America/IUCN Social Policy Program-Gland, Switzerland, 2002.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Expanding Gender Analysis to understand the Interactions between Gender, Demography, Markets and the Environment: Some Findings from the Peruvian Northeastern Amazon." The Florida Journal of Anthropology 20. 1 (1999).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. Genero y Trabajo de Campo en Peru. IN: Poats, S., Arroyo, P. Y R. Asar, (Eds.) Genero y Manejo Sustentable de Recursos: Examinando los Resultados. Proc. of MERGE Program International Conference. Quito, Ecuador: FLACSO/ MacArthur Foundation, 1998.
Espinosa, M. Cristina and Jazmine Casafranca. Las Mujeres Productoras de Alimentos en Peru: Tecnologia y Comercializacion. Programa de Analisis de las Politicas del Sector Agropecuario frente a la Mujer como Productora de Alimentos en la Region Andina, Cono Sur y el Caribe. INSTITUTO INTERAMERICANO DE COOPERACION AGRICOLA-IICA/ BANCO INTERAMERICANO DE DESARROLLO-BID.. San Jose de Costa Rica: 1996.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Gender and Economic Responses of Peasant Households to the Structural Adjustment Program in Peru." The Latin Americanist 31. 2 (1996).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Gender and Natural Resources Management in the Context of Macroeconomic Change: Structural Adjustment Program and Small Farmers in Peru." El Enfoque de Sistemas de Produccion y la Incorporacion de Criterios de Politica.. First ed. Ed. Bernardo Ribera and Rafael Aubad. Bogota, Colombia: CORPOICA/Ministerio del Medio Ambiente Julio 1996, 1996
Espinosa, M. Cristina. Gender, Technical Change and Rural Development in Peru: Exogenous and Endogenous Factors affecting the Division of Labor and Decision Making Process in Farming Systems. Proc. of Symposium Latinoamericano sobre Investigacion y Extension en Sistemas Agropecuarios. Quito, Ecuador: FAO/ Fundeagro, 1995.
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Gender, Rural Livelihoods and Development." Estrategias de Desarrollo: Intentando Cambiar la Vida. First ed. Ed. Particia Portocarrero. Lima: IDRC/Flora Tristan Publications, 1993
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Genero y Desarrollo: Factores Exogenos y Endogenos que afectan la Division Familiar del Trabajo y el Proceso de Toma de Decisiones en Familias Campesinas de Huaraz (Gender and Development: Exogenous Variables affecting Changes in the Division of Labor)." Socialismo y Participacion 61. (1993).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Implicancias de Genero en el Proceso de Cambio Tecnico en Sistemas Campesinos Andinos. (Gender and the Process of Technological Change in Andean Peasant Systems)." Revista Peruana de Ciencias Sociales 3. 1 (1992).
Agreda, Victor y Espinosa, M. Cristina. "Desarrollo Sostenible: El Nuevo Dorado para la Amazonia ? (Sustainable Development: A New Utopia for the Amazon?)." Debate Agrario 12. (1991).
Espinosa, M. Cristina. Migracion y Socializacion. Los Cortadores de Cana de Azucar de Patapo-Pucala (Migration and Socialization: The Sugar Cane Cutters of Patapo-Pucala). First ed. Lima: CE&DAP/Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia-CONCYTEC, 1991.