Heller-Brown Building, 158
Departments/ProgramsThe Heller School for Social Policy and Management
DegreesBrandeis University, M.A.
Duke University, B.A.
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Cert.
ExpertisePlanning and implementation, small island sustainable development, coastal and marine conservation, protected areas, community participation
ProfileMarion Howard lived in the San Andres Archipelago, western Caribbean, for more than 25 years, where she worked with Colombia's national environment system. For 16 years she served as advisor to the government's environmental protection and sustainable development agency for the archipelago. She coordinated development of Colombia's first multiple-use marine protected area (Seaflower MPA), led the planning process to establish the UNESCO Seaflower Biosphere Reserve, and was on the team of Colombia's national climate change adaptation program (INAP). Recently she worked with the Inter American Development Bank on a project to conserve marine biodiversity in the Southwestern Caribbean and with Colombia's Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development to improve marine conservation policy and climate change adaptation for the coastal zone. Ms Howard has worked on community-based conservation and coastal/marine research projects with multilateral, bilateral, and UN agencies; international NGOs; governments; and universities.
|HS||240f||Participatory Methods for Adaptive Development Management|
|HS||259f||Topics in Sustainable Development|
|HS||277f||Introduction to Planning and Implementation|
|HS||279a||Planning and Implementation|
|HS||300f||Integrated Conservation and Development|
|HS||337f||Advanced Planning and Implementation: Issues in the Field|
Awards and Honors
Heller School teaching award (2007)
Board of Directors, Mangrove Action Project (MAP) (2003 - 2013)
Taylor, E., Baine, M., Killmer, A. & Howard, M.. "Seaflower marine protected area: Governance for sustainable development." Marine Policy 41. September 2013 (2013): 57-64.
Howard, M. & Nicholson, D.. "Población, Tenencia de la Tierra y Aspectos Socioeconómicos de la Isla de San Andrés." Atlas de la Reserva de la Biosfera Seaflower. Archipielago de San Andres, Providencia y Santa Catalina. Santa Marta: Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeros-INVEMAR, 2012. 159-165.
Howard, M. & Taylor, E.. "San Andres, Colombia." Extreme Heritage Management: The Practices and Policies of Densely Populated Islands. Ed. Baldacchino, G.. New York: Berghahn Press, 2012. Chapter 11: 218-245.
Taylor, E., Howard, M., Medina, R., & Bent, O.. "Gestión Ambiental en la Reserva de Biosfera Seaflower." Atlas de la Reserva de la Biosfera Seaflower Archipielago de San Andres, Providencia y Santa Catalina. Santa Marta: Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeros-INVEMAR, 2012. 13-33.
Taylor, E., Baine, M., Howard, M., & Killmer, A.. "Seaflower Marine Protected Area – Governance Analysis." Marine Protected Areas: Getting the balance right. vol. 2 Ed. Jones, P., Qiu, W., & DeSanto, E.. Nairobi: UNEP, 2011. 87-96.
Taylor, E., Bent, O., & Howard, M.. "Linking Watershed Management and Coral Reef Conservation in the Western Caribbean." Effective Catchment Management and Coral Reef Conservation: Best Practice Case Studies. Ed. Wilkinson, C. & Brodie, J.. Townsville: Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, 2011. Case Study 11: 60-61.
Taylor, E., Howard, M., & Baine, M.. Colombia’s Nomination of the Seaflower Marine Protected Area for Inscription on the World Heritage List. Paris, UNESCO: 2011.
Baine, M. & Howard, M.. A Global Comparative Analysis of the Seaflower Marine Protected Area, Colombia, for Nomination to the World Heritage List. Paris, World Heritage Committee/IUCN: 2010.
Howard, M. & Newball, R.. "Mapping Community-Based Protected Areas: A model for sustainable development, cultural, and environmental protection." United Nations Ninth Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. New York. April 2010.
Howard, M. & Taylor, E.. "Ecosystem-based Adaptation in the Seaflower Marine Protected Area, San Andres Archipelago, Colombia: A Community-Based Approach." Building Resilience to Climate Change: Ecosystem-based adaptation and lessons from the field. Ed. Andrade Perez, A., Herrera Fernandez, B., & Cazzolla Gatti, R.. Gland: IUCN, 2010. 98-115.
Howard, M.. Indigenous People’s Plan for the Raizal People of the San Andres Archipelago, Colombia: Inclusion in the Integrated National Adaptation Program. World Bank/GEF: 2010.
Howard, M.. Seaflower Marine Protected Area: Annotated Format for Inclusion in the SPAW List. Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) in the Wider Caribbean Region. Guadeloupe, UNEP/CAR: 2010.
Howard, M., Moreno, M., Garcia, M., & Salaman, P.. "Colombia: The Archipelago of San Andres, Old Providence, and Santa Catalina." An Inventory of Breeding Seabirds of the Caribbean. Ed. Bradley, P. & Norton, R.. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2009. Chapter 26: 225-231.
Howard, M., Taylor, E., Baine, M., & Nicholson, D.. "Integrating poverty alleviation with marine conservation in the Seaflower Marine Protected Area, San Andres Archipelago, Colombia." International Marine Conservation Congress, 2009.
Baine, M., Howard, M., Kerr, S., Edgar, G., & Toral, V.. "Coastal and marine resource management in the Galapagos Islands and the Archipelago of San Andres: Issues, problems and opportunities." Ocean and Coastal Management 50. 3-4 (2007): 148-173.
Baine, M., Howard, M., Taylor, E., James, J., Velasco, A., Grandas, Y. & Hartnoll, R.. "The development of management options for the black land crab (Gecarcinus ruricola) catchery in the San Andres Archipelago, Colombia." Ocean and Coastal Management 50. 7 (2007): 564-589.
Mow, J., Taylor, E., Howard, M., Baine, M., Connolly, E., & Chiquillo, M.. "Collaborative planning and management of the San Andres Archipelago's coastal and marine resources." Ocean and Coastal Management 50. 3-4 (2007): 209-222.
Howard, M., et al.. "The community-based zoning process to establish the Seaflower Marine Protected Area, San Andres Archipelago, Colombia." Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, 2006.
Howard, M.. "Evaluation report Seaflower Biosphere Reserve implementation: The first five years." www.unesco.org/csi/smis/siv/Caribbean/San_actEnvEd_Seaflower2000-2005%20.pdf (2006)
Howard, M., Taylor, E., Connolly, E., & van't Hof, T.. "Applying socio-economic information to MPA planning: Seaflower Marine Protected Area, San Andres Archipelago, Colombia." MPA World Congress, 2005.
Howard, M., Pizarro, V., & Mow, J.. "Ethnic and Biological Diversity within the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve." The International Journal of Island Affairs 13. Special Issue (2004): 109-114.
Howard, M., Connolly, E., Taylor, E., & Mow, J.. "Community-based Development of Multiple-Use Marine Protected Areas: Promoting Stewardship and Sharing Responsibility for Conservation in the San Andres Archipelago, Colombia." Gulf and Caribbean Research 14. 2 (2003): 155-162.
Mow, J., Howard, M., Delgado, C., & Tabet, S.. "Promoting Sustainable Development: A Case Study of the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve." Prospects, Quarterly Review of Environmental Education 33. 3 (2003): 303-312.
Howard, M., Taylor, E. , Connolly, E., Howard, F., McCormick, C., & Newball, R.. "Preliminary Plan for marine protected areas in the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve: a community-based approach." Global Environment Facility, Ciego de Avila, Cuba. 2002.
Howard, M.. "Sustainable Tourism Planning for Old Providence and Santa Catalina Islands: The Importance of Carrying Capacity Analysis." Tourism 49. 4 (2001): 285-298.