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International Adoption
  Fraud & Corruption


The problem:
analysis and examples

International adoption
  corruption

"The Lie We Love,"
 
Foreign Policy,
  Nov/Dec 2008

    •Awards for
     "The Lie We Love"


•Orphaned or Stolen?
  The U.S. State Dept.
  investigates adoption
  from Nepal, 2006-2008

•"The Orphan Trade:
 A look at families
 affected by corrupt
 international
 adoptions,"
Slate.com,
 May 8, 2009

"The Adoption
 Underworld,"

 The Washington Post,
 Jan. 11, 2009

    •"The orphan
      manufacturing
      chain,"
The
     Washington Post,
     Jan. 11, 2009

     •"Out of Cambodia,"
       The Washington Post,
       Jan. 11, 2009.


The proposed solutions

"The Baby Business,"
    Democracy Journal,
    Summer 2010

  •"The Baby Business"
    with  footnotes

  •Experts respond to
    "The Baby Business"

   •Policy proposals for
    fairer international  
    adoption practice 

   •Key documents:
    Hague regulation

       •How much
         does it cost?

       •U.S. has not
         ratified the UNCRC

   •Specific regulation
    changes

   •Cash required:
     Bad practice

   •Denying an orphan
    visa: USCIS adoption
    appeals

        •Visa denied: The story
           of one family

 A case study: Vietnam

 Anatomy of an
  Adoption Crisis,

 
ForeignPolicy.com
  September 12, 2010

•Map: Geography of
  an Adoption Crisis

Responses to
"Anatomy of an
  Adoption Crisis"

Primary sources:
  U.S. government
  documents, 2007-
  2008 (obtained via
  Freedom of
  Information Act)

     •Startling quotes from
       released documents
     •By province: references
       to adoption problems

     •Visa denied: The story
       of one family

     U.S.-VN
       Memorandum
       of Agreement, 2005 
   
     •U.S. Department of
       State Vietnam
       adoption notices

     •Licensed adoption
       agencies listed by
       province, 2006-2008

     •Adoption agencies
       licensed to work in
       Vietnam, 2006-2008

   

The background

 Capsule history of
 international adoption

 

 UNICEF’s orphan
  statistics explained

 

Our commentary

"Adopting new
  standards on adoption,"

  "Comment is Free,"
  Guardian.co.uk,
  Sept. 10, 2010.

•"Preventing Adoption
 Disasters,"
The Boston
 Globe, April 17, 2010

•Misunderstanding
 ‘Orphan' and
 'Orphanage',"

 The New York Times
 "Room for Debate"
 Opinion Blog,
 Feb. 1, 2010

•"The Seamier Side of
 International Adoption,"

 The New York Times
 "Room for Debate"
 Opinion Blog,
 May 10, 2009

•"The problem with
 saving the world's
 orphans,"

 The Boston Globe,
 Dec. 11, 2008 

Maps

•“Where Do Babies
  Come From?”:
     

  country-by-country
  reports of adoption
  irregularities

•Map: Geography of
  an Adoption Crisis

The documentation

•Government sources

Research sources
   •NGO sources
   •Academic sources

•Resources for parents

•In related news

Reader responses

Experts respond to
"Anatomy of an Adoption Crisis"

Experts respond
  to  "The Baby Business"

Reader responses
 to "The Baby Business"

Reader responses to
  "The Lie We Love"

The orphan myth:
 Responses to criticisms of
 "The Lie We Love"


Country by country:
adoption corruption
reports from around
the world

  •ALBANIA
  •ARMENIA
  •BELARUS
  •CAMBODIA 
     Overview

     News Reports
     Resources
  •CAMEROON
  •CHAD
  •CHINA
     Overview

     News Reports
  •COLOMBIA
  •CONGO
  •EL SALVADOR
  •ETHIOPIA
  •GUATEMALA 
     Overview

     News Reports
     Resources
  •HAITI
  •HONDURAS
  •INDIA
  •INDONESIA
  •KENYA
  •LIBERIA
     Overview

     News Reports
     Resources
  •KYRGYZSTAN
  •MARSHALL ISLANDS
  •MEXICO
  •MOLDOVA
  •MOZAMBIQUE
  •NEPAL
     Overview

     News Reports
     Resources
  •NIGERIA
  •PARAGUAY
  •PERU
  •PHILIPPINES
  •POLAND
  •ROMANIA
  •RUSSIA
  •SAMOA
     Overview

     News Reports
  •SIERRA LEONE
  •SWAZILAND
  •UGANDA
  •UKRAINE
  •VIETNAM
     Overview

     News Reports
     Resources    

Student Research
Assistants' Contributions

NOTE: This page from the Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism website offers documentation of and background about serious irregularities in international adoption. For the systemic analysis of corruption in international adoption, please read “The Lie We Love,” Foreign Policy magazine, Nov./Dec. 2008, and visit our webpages dedicated to international adoption. For ideas about fairer policy solutions, please read “The Baby Business,” Democracy Journal, Summer 2010.


© 2008-2012 Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 02454. All rights reserved.

Last page update: December 4, 2012