The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
S = History and Organization
The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was formally established in 1953 when the University's Board of Trustees authorized graduate study in the departments of chemistry, music, psychology, and Near Eastern and Judaic Studies. The general direction of the Graduate School is vested in a Graduate Council of the Faculty comprised of the President and the provost, ex officio; the dean of arts and sciences; and one representative, usually the chair, of each of the several University departments and programs offering graduate instruction. The members of the Graduate Council are appointed by the President on the recommendations of the dean of arts and sciences. The functions of the Graduate Council, exercised in consonance with University policy, are to determine requirements for admission; provide programs of study and examination; establish and maintain requirements for graduate degrees; make recommendations for degrees; make recommendations for new areas of graduate study; lay down such regulations as may be considered necessary or expedient for governing the Graduate School; and exercise a general supervision over its affairs. The dean of arts and sciences is the chair of the Graduate Council and the chief executive officer of the Graduate School.
S = Objectives
The underlying ideal of the Graduate School is to assemble a community of scholars, scientists, and artists, in whose company the student-scholar can pursue study and research as an apprentice. This objective is to be attained by individualizing programs of study, restricting the number of students accepted, maintaining continual contact between students and faculty, and fostering the intellectual potential of each student. The graduate programs are designed to educate broadly as well as train professionally. Degrees are granted on the evidence of intellectual growth and development, rather than solely on the basis of formal course credits. Fulfillment of the minimum requirements cannot, therefore, be regarded as the sole requisite for degrees.
S = Areas of Graduate Study
During the academic year 1997-98, graduate
programs will be offered in the following areas:
1. American History
3. Anthropology and Women's Studies
5. Bioorganic Chemistry
6. Biophysics and Structural Biology
8. Comparative History
9. Computer Science
10. English and American Literature
11. English and American Literature and Women's Studies
12. Genetic Counseling
13. Jewish Communal Service
14. Jewish Communal Service and Management of Human Services (Heller School)
15. Jewish Communal Service and Near Eastern and Judaic Studies
16. Interdisciplinary Program in Literary Studies and Program in Translation
18. Molecular and Cell Biology
20. Near Eastern and Judaic Studies
21. Near Eastern and Judaic Studies and Women's Studies
27. Sociology and Women's Studies
28. Sustainable International Development
29. Theater Arts
The Graduate School also offers post-baccalaureate
programs in studio art and premedical studies, as well as a diploma
in Jewish studies and an Artist's diploma in music. There are
also joint degree programs for Ph.D. students at both the master's
and doctoral level.
S = Graduate School
The Graduate School office is located on the second floor of Kutz Hall. All requests for information and application forms should be addressed to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Brandeis University, MS 031, P.O. Box 9110, Waltham, Massachusetts 02254-9110.
M = Admission
As a rule, only well-qualified applicants who have completed at least the normal four-year program leading to the bachelor's degree will be considered for admission to the Graduate School. Graduates of foreign schools and others who have completed the equivalent of a bachelor's degree program may apply, describing the educational program they have completed.
S = Testing
Applicants for admission to the graduate programs
in American history, biochemistry, bioorganic chemistry, biophysics
and structural biology, chemistry, comparative history, computer
science, English and American literature, genetic counseling,
Jewish communal service, mathematics, molecular and cell biology,
neuroscience, physics, politics, and psychology must submit official
results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Applicants to
the Jewish Communal Service program may submit the official results
of either the GMAT or the Miller Analogies Test in lieu of the
GRE. All other applicants are urged to take the GRE. Consult specific
programs for additional test requirements. In order for the results
of the GRE to be considered, the applicant should take the examination
no later than January preceding the academic year for which application
is made. Information concerning the GRE is available from the
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 08541-6155.
Applicants whose native language is not English, regardless of the field of graduate study, are required to submit the official score of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The minimum score for admission to the Graduate School is 600. They are also advised to take the Test of Written English (TWE) and Test of Spoken English (TSE) unless English is their first language. Applications for admission to the test should be made to TOEFL, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 08541-6155, USA.
S = Application
Specific requirements for each graduate program
are to be found under the appropriate headings in this Bulletin
and on the information sheet with the application. Each applicant
should consult these requirements before filing an application.
A student may apply to only one graduate program. An applicant
should write to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, stating
which program of study he or she wishes to enter. A Guide to
Graduate Admissions with appropriate forms will be forwarded
to the applicant. The Application for Admission should
be completed and returned in duplicate as soon as possible.
Applications for admission for the spring
term should be filed by December 1. Students are not usually admitted
at midyear, and those who do gain admission are not normally eligible
for financial aid.
All applicants must arrange to forward, in
duplicate, official transcripts of all undergraduate and graduate
work. In addition, they must submit at least two letters of recommendation,
preferably from professors with whom they have studied in their
proposed area of study. Applicants who have engaged in graduate
study elsewhere should request at least one of the recommendations
from a professor with whom they have done graduate work.
Many programs also require the submission
of samples of work as well as the materials described above. Applicants
should consult program requirements in a later section of this
Bulletin for enumeration of additional materials to be
All applications must be accompanied by the application fee of $40 if postmarked by December 1, 1997, and $60 if postmarked after that date. The fee is payable by check or money order to Brandeis University. No application will be processed until this fee is paid. There is a one-time fee waiver for Brandeis students, alumni, and staff.
S = Admission Procedure
All applicants are considered on a competitive
basis. The number of students admitted each year in each program
is limited so that the Graduate School may operate effectively
under its distinctive principles of individualized study and apprenticeship.
Consequently, admission may sometimes be denied to qualified persons.
Meeting the minimum standards of admission merely qualifies the
applicant for a place in the group from which final selections
will be made. Selections are based on the applicant's ability
to do graduate work of high quality, as shown by: the distinction
of his or her previous record, particularly in the proposed area
of study; the letters of recommendation submitted in support of
the application; and his or her presumed adaptability to the particular
graduate programs offered by Brandeis University. In addition,
knowledge of foreign languages, relevant practical experience
in the field, samples of work, the results of the GRE, and indications
of character are considered.
Each application for admission with all supporting records is first examined by the appropriate program committee. The committee recommends to the dean of arts and sciences which applicants should be selected for admission and financial aid. The dean reviews all applications in the light of the program's recommendations.
S = Acceptance
A student who has been accepted for admission
to the Graduate School will be notified by a letter specifying
the date by which he or she must accept the offer of admission
and awards, if any. A matriculation fee of $300 must be filed
by each master's degree, certificate, or diploma applicant upon
notification of acceptance. This fee reserves a place in the class
and is credited toward the first semester tuition bill. If the
student fails to enroll or withdraws his or her application, the
matriculation fee is not refunded. If a student selected for admission
indicates that he or she does not intend to accept the offer or
fails to reply by the date specified, the admission offer becomes
void and another applicant may be accepted.
Brandeis University subscribes to the "Resolution
Regarding Scholars, Fellows, Trainees, and Graduate Assistants"
of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States. The resolution
Acceptance of an offer of financial support
(such as a graduate scholarship, fellowship, traineeship, or assistantship)
for the next academic year by a prospective or enrolled graduate
student completes an agreement that both student and graduate
school expect to honor. In that context, the conditions affecting
such offers and their acceptance must be defined carefully and
understood by all parties. Students are under no obligation to
respond to offers of financial support prior to April 15; earlier
deadlines for acceptance of such offers violate the intent of
this Resolution. In those instances in which a student accepts
an offer before April 15, and subsequently desires to withdraw
that acceptance, the student may submit in writing a resignation
of the appointment at any time through April 15. However, an acceptance
given or left in force after April 15 commits the student not
to accept another offer without first obtaining a written release
from the institution to which a commitment has been made. Similarly,
an offer by an institution after April 15 is conditional on presentation
by the student of the written release from any previously accepted
offer. It is further agreed by the institutions and organizations
subscribing to the above Resolution that a copy of this Resolution
should accompany every scholarship, fellowship, traineeship, and
Students must provide the Graduate School
office with an official final transcript of their undergraduate
record and, if required by the graduate program, any graduate
work in process at the time of acceptance. In addition, students
who are accepted are required to complete and return a medical
questionnaire and a health insurance form. Registration is
conditional upon receipt by University Health Services of these
If, after having been admitted, a student
cannot attend, he or she should notify the Graduate School as
soon as possible. If such a student wishes to be admitted in a
subsequent academic year, he or she must request reactivation
of the application at the appropriate time, and update it with
a new statement of purpose and official transcripts, if applicable.
Admission to the Graduate School does not imply that the successful
applicant has been accepted as a candidate for a graduate degree.
Superior performance at Brandeis University is essential.
Applicants who have been denied admission may reapply in a later year, particularly if they have had further training that would strengthen their applications or if they can submit additional letters of recommendation.
S = Academic Standing
Admission is valid only for one academic year. Graduate programs review students' academic progress annually. Satisfactory academic progress in a program also involves maintaining the professional standards expected in a particular discipline or program. Academic insufficiency or failure to make suitable progress toward the degree may require withdrawal. A student's record is reviewed annually and recommendations for readmission are made by the graduate programs.
M = International Students
Graduates of international colleges and universities
who have the equivalent of an American bachelor's degree and international
students who have graduated from American universities may compete
for admission and financial assistance at Brandeis, which is authorized
under federal law to enroll nonimmigrant alien students.
All applicants whose native language is not
English must submit the official score of the Test of English
as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). Thorough competence in English
is required for study at Brandeis. They are also advised to take
the Test of Written English (TWE) and Test of Spoken English (TSE).
Applicants should consult specific programs for additional test
requirements. For information concerning the administration of
the TOEFL, write to the Educational Testing Service, Princeton,
New Jersey 08541-6155.
Financial aid in the form of scholarships,
fellowships, teaching assistantships, and research assistantships
is available to only a few of the most outstanding students. In
any case, the total assistance offered usually covers only a small
proportion of the student's total annual expenses. Hence students,
when applying for admission, should indicate a means of financial
The regulations of the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service limit strictly the amount of paid work that a student from abroad may do. The International Students and Scholars Office will provide further information regarding this issue.
M = Requirements for the Degree
The following general requirements apply to the awarding of graduate degrees in all areas of study. For specific program requirements students should consult the appropriate section of this Bulletin. Requirements for post-baccalaureate certificate and diploma programs are listed in the relevant program sections of this Bulletin.
S = Master of Arts and Master of Science
In order to qualify for a master's degree,
the student must complete a minimum of one year's residency at
Brandeis University, ordinarily computed as eight term courses
of approved study. Some programs require a two-year residency.
Please consult the appropriate program for detailed information.
Programs offering master's programs may require that the candidate
demonstrate a reading knowledge of at least one foreign language
and pass satisfactorily a general or qualifying examination which,
at the program's discretion, may be in one or more parts and may
be written, oral or both. Where a thesis is required for the master's
degree, two copies must be submitted to the program chair in final
form by the date specified in the current academic calendar.
The master's degree must be earned within four years from the inception of graduate study at Brandeis University.
S = Master of Fine Arts
In order to qualify for the degree of Master
of Fine Arts in Music, the candidate must complete a two-year
residency at Brandeis University, ordinarily computed as 12 term
courses at the graduate level, and must meet the specific requirements
for the degree as set forth under Music, Requirements for the
Master of Fine Arts Degree, in a later section of this Bulletin.
Two copies of the thesis or composition must be submitted to the
program chair in final form by the date specified in the current
In order to qualify for the degree of Master
of Fine Arts in Theater Arts, the candidate must complete a two-year
residency in acting, dramatic writing, and dramaturgy, or a three-year
residency in design, and meet the specific requirements for the
degree as outlined under Theater Arts, Requirements for the
Master of Fine Arts Degree, in a later section of this Bulletin.
Students enrolled for specialization in dramatic writing must
submit two copies of a play in final form in lieu of a thesis.
The Master of Fine Arts degree must be earned within five years from the inception of graduate study at Brandeis University.
S = Doctor of Philosophy
In order to qualify for the degree of Doctor
of Philosophy, a student must ordinarily complete a minimum of
four years of graduate study, including three full years of residence
and a fourth year devoted to the preparation of a doctoral dissertation.
Under certain conditions, credit for advanced standing will be
granted for work taken in residence in graduate schools of other
universities. Each program reserves the right to require prospective
candidates for the degree to perform work in excess of its minimum
standards to assure thorough mastery of the area.
Prospective candidates may be required to
demonstrate proficiency in at least one foreign language. In all
areas of study the student must satisfactorily pass a general
or qualifying examination which, at the program's discretion,
may be in one or more parts and may be written, oral, or both.
In addition, all prospective candidates must write a doctoral
dissertation and defend it in a Final Oral Examination.
To be eligible for the Ph.D. degree, the student
must have (1) completed all course and residence requirements,
(2) passed all language and qualifying examinations, and (3) written
and successfully defended the doctoral dissertation.
Students entering Brandeis University with
no previous graduate work must earn the doctorate within eight
years from the inception of study. Students who are granted credit
for a year of graduate work completed elsewhere must earn the
degree within seven years from the inception of their study at
Students who have passed the terminal point for the degree must apply to the Graduate School for an extension no later than the final semester prior to the expiration of their time to degree.
S = Language Requirements
There is no University requirement for foreign
language competency at either the master's or doctoral level.
Each program determines which languages are
acceptable as satisfying its foreign language requirement. Some
programs may not require foreign language competency, while others
may set requirements that will vary within the subfields offered
by those programs. In programs where languages are required, students
are expected to satisfy the requirement as soon as possible.
For specific requirements of each program, consult the program listing in this Bulletin.
S = Joint Degrees
Interdisciplinary in design, the joint M.A.
degree in women's studies and a discipline aims to give Ph.D.
students a solid grounding in their discipline-specific program
while offering them the tools with which to incorporate women's
studies into their areas of research. This joint master's option,
along the way to the Ph.D., is available in several programs that
are listed in the women's studies section of the catalog. Regarding
the joint Ph.D. degree in NEJS and sociology, consult the relevant
section of this Bulletin.
Students who are interested in designing a joint Ph.D. degree in two doctoral programs within the University may do so by petitioning the graduate school with their proposed program of study early in their graduate career. The admissions committees for both programs must approve the petition. It is understood that the student must satisfy all the requirements of both programs and defend one dissertation before a defense committee comprised of faculty from both programs. Students should consult the associate dean of graduate education for more specific information about applying for a joint doctoral degree.
S = Application for Graduate Degrees and Post-Baccalaureate Certificates and Diplomas
Candidates for graduate degrees, certificates,
and diplomas must file an application with the University Registrar's
office per the specified dates in the academic calendar in the
year in which the degree, certificate, or diploma is to be awarded.
Upon written recommendation from a candidate's program or committee
that the application be approved, the record will be reviewed
by the Graduate Council, which recommends the student to the University's
Board of Trustees for the award of the degree, certificate, or
diploma. In case of failure or withdrawal from candidacy in any
year, the student must reapply by filing a new application in
a later year.
Under special circumstances, a student in the post-baccalaureate studio art program may be given permission to return for an additional one or two semesters. In this instance, the student would receive the certificate at the end of his or her extended course of study.
S = Dissertation and Final Oral Examination
When a student is ready to write the doctoral
dissertation, a dissertation reading committee of no fewer than
three faculty members, at least one of whom is a tenured member
of the faculty, will be appointed by the chair of the student's
program. The student's principal advisor will serve as the chair
of this committee. The dissertation reading committee will guide
the research for and preparation of the dissertation. This committee,
with the approval of the associate dean for graduate education
and of the chair of the student's program, will appoint a dissertation
examining committee to preside over the student's Final Oral Examination
and will notify the candidate of the time and place of the Final
Oral Examination at least three weeks prior to the scheduled date
of the examination. Two copies of the dissertation, as well as
an abstract of no more than 350 words, should be submitted to
the dissertation reading committee for approval. The style and
format of the dissertation is determined by each program.
The dissertation, when approved by the readers,
must then be deposited in the program office where it will be
available for inspection by all interested members of the faculty
for at least two weeks prior to the Final Oral Examination.
The program will publish the time and place
of the candidate's Final Oral Examination and the title of the
doctoral dissertation. The Final Oral Examination will be open
to any member of the faculty engaged in graduate instruction and
invited faculty members from other institutions.
The dissertation examining committee, approved
by the program chair and the associate dean for graduate education,
must be comprised of a minimum of three faculty examiners, at
least one of whom shall be a tenured member of the faculty and
one of whom shall be from a graduate program outside the student's
own, in a related area. The latter may be a faculty member from
The examination may be restricted to a defense
of the dissertation or may cover the whole field of the dissertation.
The candidate will be notified by his or her program of responsibility
for coverage prior to the examination.
A report, signed by the dissertation examining
committee, certifying the candidate's successful performance on
the Final Oral Examination, will be submitted to the University
If the dissertation examining committee requires substantial revisions of the dissertation text, the revisions must be completed and accepted by the committee within six months of the dissertation defense, otherwise the dissertation must be redefended.
S = Deposit and Publication of Dissertation
No later than the dates specified in the current
academic calendar for February and May degrees, the candidate
must deposit in the Graduate School office two copies of the finished
dissertation, including the original typescript, in a state suitable
for microfilm and Xerox publication. Both copies of the dissertation
must have the signed approval of the dissertation supervisor and
readers. One copy will be retained by the graduate program, the
other will be returned to the student, both bound. The candidate
must also submit two copies of an abstract of the dissertation,
not to exceed 350 words, that has been approved by the dissertation
Detailed instructions for submitting dissertations are available from the Graduate School office. See also the statement in this Bulletin, under Fees and Expenses, on the final doctoral fee.
M = Academic Regulations
S = Registration
Every resident and post-resident student must register at the beginning of each term, whether attending regular courses of study, carrying on research or independent reading, writing a thesis or dissertation, or utilizing any academic service or facility of the University. Continuation students eligible for loans or requiring loan deferments must also register.
S = Program of Study
Before enrolling, the student should plan
a program of study in consultation with the chair or graduate
advisor of the program.
Graduate students may not register for an
undergraduate course (numbered below 100) for degree, certificate,
or diploma credit unless they complete a special petition available
in the Office of the University Registrar, which requires the
signatures of the instructor of that course and their program
chair or graduate advisor. Credit will not be given for undergraduate
courses taken to make up deficiencies in the student's preparation
for a program of graduate studies. Ordinarily a student may not
receive credit toward completion of degree or residence requirements
for courses undertaken to aid in the completion of language requirements.
Students wishing to drop a full-year course at midyear must complete
a special petition available in the Office of the University Registrar,
which requires the signatures of the instructor of the course
and the chair of their program.
At the end of telephone registration (see Academic Calendar for specific date), all course enrollments are considered to be final.
S = Auditing Courses
The privilege of auditing courses without fee is extended to all regularly enrolled graduate students except Special Students. Special students may audit courses by paying for them at the same rate as those taken for credit. No courses may be audited without the permission of the instructor. Auditors may not take examinations or expect evaluation from the instructor. No credit is given for an audited course.
S = Change of Program
Students are allowed to drop courses after the end of telephone registration. To do so, a program change form is obtained from and returned to the Office of the University Registrar. Courses must be dropped no later than one week prior to the beginning of an examination period.
S = Registration in Terms of Time
Advanced students may register in terms of time. Registration in terms of time is a device that helps to individualize programs of study and permits increased freedom for independent research for advanced graduate students. Registration in terms of time frees students to pursue a program of study that partially accepts or bypasses altogether the system of formal courses. Their time will be spent in such research and reading as will be most beneficial to their development as scholars.
S = Absence from Examinations
Students who are absent from a midyear or final examination without an accepted excuse will receive a failing grade for that examination. No students may be excused from such examination unless for emergency or medical reasons, nor may they be excused if they were able to notify the instructor in advance and failed to do so. Cases involving absence are referred to the chair of the program who will decide whether a make-up examination shall be allowed and will notify the Office of the University Registrar of the decision. The examination must be taken within six weeks of the opening of the next term.
S = Grades and Course Standards
Graduate students are expected to maintain
records of distinction in all courses. Letter grades will be used
in all courses in which grading is possible. In readings or research
courses, if a letter grade cannot be given at the end of each
term or academic year, credit ("CR") or no credit ("NC")
may be used.
"NC" and any letter grade below
B- are unsatisfactory grades in the Graduate School. A course
in which the student receives an unsatisfactory grade will not
be counted toward graduate credit. Post-baccalaureate and diploma
students must have at least a B- average to be eligible for the
certificate or diploma.
At the end of each academic year the Office of the University Registrar issues to each student a formal grade report.
S = Incompletes
A student who has not completed the research or written work for any course may receive an "EI" (incomplete) or a failing grade at the discretion of the course instructor. A student who receives an "EI" must satisfactorily complete the work of the course in which the incomplete was given in order to receive credit for the course and a letter grade. An incomplete, unless given by reason of the student's failure to attend a final examination, must be made up no later than the end of the term following the term in which it was received. When failure to take a final examination has resulted in an "EI," resolution of that "EI" to a letter grade must occur within six weeks of the beginning of the next term. An "EI" that is not resolved within the stated time limits will automatically become a permanent incomplete ("XI"). A student may petition the associate dean for graduate education for a change in a permanent incomplete, provided the petition is signed by the instructor of the course and the program chair.
S = Credit for Work Done Elsewhere
Graduate-level courses taken prior to matriculation
at Brandeis may not be applied to reduce a one-year residence
requirement for the master of arts or master of science degree,
although a program may accept work taken elsewhere in partial
fulfillment of specific course requirements for the degree. In
that case, additional courses are designated to replace courses
from which the student has been exempted. The post-baccalaureate
and diploma programs do not accept transfer credit.
A maximum of one term of residence credit
for graduate-level courses may be counted toward fulfillment of
the residence requirements for the master of fine arts degree
and for the master's degree programs that have a two-year residence
Students admitted to Ph.D. programs may file
an application to have graduate-level courses counted toward fulfillment
of residence requirements at this institution. A maximum of one
year of residence credit may be granted.
Applicants for transfer credit will not necessarily
be granted the credit requested. Each program reserves the right
to require of any student work in excess of its minimum standards
to assure thorough mastery of the area of study. In all cases,
courses being transferred must carry a grade of B or better and
must have been earned at an appropriately accredited institution.
After completing one term of residence at
a full-time rate or the equivalent at a part-time rate, students
eligible to apply for transfer credit may do so. Forms are obtained
from the Office of the University Registrar and submitted to the
student's program for approval. The form is then returned to the
Office of the University Registrar.
Credit for work at another institution taken concurrently with studies in the Graduate School must be approved for potential transfer credit by both the student's program and the associate dean for graduate education prior to registration for such courses. Such approval is granted only in unusual circumstances. Students who formally cross-register with Boston College, Boston University, or Tufts University through the consortium do not need prior approval from the dean's office nor is it required for coursework at the Graduate Consortium for Women's Studies at Radcliffe College.
S = Residence Requirements
Residence requirements for all graduate degrees
are computed by determining the amount of registration for credit
and the tuition charges. Part-time students pursuing part-time
programs of study for credit complete their residence requirements
when their fractional programs (one-quarter, one-half, three-quarters)
total the amount required of a full-time student.
T = Master of Arts and Master of Science
The minimum residence requirement for most
master's degree students is one academic year in a full-time graduate
credit program at the full tuition or the equivalent thereof in
part-time study. A few programs have a two-year residency requirement
so consult specific programs for this information. Transfer credit
may not normally be applied to residence requirements for the
M.A. and M.S. degrees.
T = Master of Fine Arts
The minimum residence requirement for all
M.F.A. students in music is four terms at a full-time rate, at
the full tuition rate for each term, or the equivalent thereof
in part-time study. Residence may be reduced by a maximum of one
term with approved transfer credit.
The minimum residence requirement for acting,
dramatic writing, and dramaturgy students in theater arts is four
terms at the full tuition rate or the equivalent thereof in part-time
study. The minimum residence for students in design is six terms
at the full tuition rate or the equivalent thereof in part-time
study. Residence may be reduced by a maximum of one term with
approved transfer credit.
T = Doctor of Philosophy
The residence requirement for all students is three academic years in a full-time graduate credit program for each year, at the full tuition rate for each year, or the equivalent thereof in part-time study. A maximum of one year's approved transfer credit may be granted toward residence for the Ph.D. degree.
S = Full-Time Resident Students
A full-time student is one who devotes the
entire time, during the course of the academic year, to a program
of graduate work at Brandeis University.
A full-time program may include a combination
of teaching and research assistance, work leading to the fulfillment
of degree requirements, such as preparation for qualifying, comprehensive,
and final examinations, supervised reading and research, and Ph.D.
dissertations, as well as regular course work.
A full-time resident student may take as many courses for credit in any term as are approved by the program chair, but no student may receive credit for, or be charged for, more than a full-time program in any term. Thus the minimum residence requirement for any degree may not be satisfied by an accelerated program of study or payment of more than the full-time tuition rate in any single academic year.
S = Part-Time Resident Students
A part-time student is one who devotes less
than the entire time to a program of graduate work at Brandeis
University. Students may register for a credit program of one-quarter,
one-half, or three-quarters time.
Students receiving financial aid from the University, who wish to change their status from full-time to part-time residency, must file with the Graduate School office an explanation of why full-time study is no longer possible.
S = Post-Resident Students
A graduate student who has completed residence requirements and who needs to utilize the full range of academic services and University facilities while completing degree requirements is a post-resident student.
S = Continuation Students
A graduate student who has completed all degree requirements except the dissertation is eligible for continuation status. A student in this category is presumed to be part-time and, thus, not normally eligible for a leave of absence, except for health reasons. Students who can certify they are full-time are eligible for federal and/or institutional loans or loan deferments and University health insurance if they register. Students may have borrowing privileges in the Library, maintain a computer account, use gym facilities, and purchase a parking sticker. They are not normally eligible for fellowship, teaching, or research assistantships. Continuation students are not normally obliged to register; however, they must pay the continuation fee or be liable to withdrawal for nonpayment.
S = Post-Baccalaureate Students
A post-baccalaureate or diploma student is
a graduate student who is working in an approved course of study.
Normal tuition charges apply; see the fees and expenses section
for program-specific fees.
Post-baccalaureate or diploma programs may not be pursued concurrently with other formal degree work. Students who subsequently become candidates for graduate degrees are subject to the Graduate School's policy regarding transfer credit towards graduate degrees.
S = Special Students
Properly qualified applicants who wish to audit or to take courses without working for a degree may be admitted. Special Students are normally not eligible for University loans, scholarships, fellowships, or teaching or research assistantships. Special Students who later wish to change their status to that of part-time or full-time students working for a degree must apply for admission as resident students. They must also file a special petition if they wish credit to be accepted for any courses taken at Brandeis as Special Students. Credit for such course work may be granted in exceptional cases. Normally, no more than two courses taken for credit may be transferable if the student is admitted to either the master's or doctoral program.
S = Leave of Absence
Students may petition for a leave of absence.
The petition must have the approval of both the chair of the program
and the Graduate School. Leaves of absence up to one year will
normally be granted to students in good academic standing who
present compelling personal reasons. Time spent on authorized
leaves of absence will not be counted toward the maximum time
permitted to complete degree requirements.
If for any reason a student must extend a leave of absence, he or she must request such an extension in writing before the leave of absence expires. Failure to do so will result in involuntary withdrawal from the Graduate School.
S = Leave of Absence with Credit
Students enrolled in a Ph.D. or master's program
with a two-year residency may apply to study abroad with credit.
While this option does not affect the current regulation concerning
the maximum amount of transfer credit for work done elsewhere,
it does allow a student to receive transfer credit after matriculation.
To qualify for transfer credit upon return, a student must submit to his or her program prior to studying abroad a list of proposed courses to be approved by the graduate program chair. The courses must be at the graduate level and constitute a full-time course load. Since the Registrar must certify full-time status for purposes of loan deferment and federal loan eligibility, the application must include documentation related to the formulation of full-time status at the host school as well as the name of the contact person at the host school. To receive credit upon return, a student must earn grades of at least B- and submit an official transcript along with the Transfer for Credit petition to the Registrar's office.
S = Degree Pending
This designation applies to graduate students who have completed all degree requirements including final defense of the dissertation, with only minor revisions remaining. Students in this category are not eligible to use any academic services or University facilities nor are they eligible for student loans or loan deferments.
S = Withdrawal
A student who wishes to withdraw voluntarily
from the Graduate School during a semester must do so in writing
to the program chair and the Graduate School on or before the
last day of instruction in the term. Failure to comply may subject
the student to involuntary withdrawal, cancellation of eligibility
to receive an official transcript, and loss of eligibility for
refunds in accordance with the refund schedule outlined in the
fees and expenses section. Permission to withdraw voluntarily
will not be granted if the student has not discharged all financial
obligations to the University or has not made financial arrangements
satisfactory to the Bursar.
Students who are obliged to register and fail to do so by the appropriate deadline or who fail to pay their bill will be administratively withdrawn. They may be readmitted (see below) for study in a subsequent term, but not for the term in which they were rendered inactive for failure to register. Belatedly fulfilling financial obligations will not negate the effects of administrative withdrawal.
S = Readmission
A student who has not been enrolled in the Graduate School for more than one year and who did not obtain a leave of absence should file an application for readmission. Students who have not been enrolled for more than two years will be charged a readmission fee. The student's graduate program will determine in each case whether a student should be readmitted. If the program's requirements have changed during the student's absence or the student is not deemed current in his or her field of study, the program may require the student to repeat or supplement previous academic requirements including foreign language or qualifying exams. When a student is reinstated, he or she will be informed of current status regarding credits and time to degree.
S = Graduate Cross-Registration
A full-time graduate student at Brandeis University
may enroll in one graduate course each term at Boston College,
Boston University, Tufts University, or the Graduate Consortium
in Women's Studies at Radcliffe College. Information on courses
for cross-registration at each of the host institutions is available
at the Graduate School office of each institution.
A student who wishes to enroll in a course
at one of these institutions should consult with the instructor
in the particular course and should expect to satisfy the prerequisites
and requirements normally required for admission to the course,
including adherence to the academic calendar of that course.
A student at Brandeis University who wishes to enroll in a graduate course at one of the host institutions should obtain a registration permit from the Office of the University Registrar and should present this permit to the Office of the University Registrar of the host institution.
M = Fees and Expenses
Payment of tuition and other fees are due
on August 4, 1997, for the fall semester and January 2, 1998,
for the spring semester. A student who has not paid such fees
by the day of registration will be refused the privilege of registration.
The Nine-Payment Plan allows the year's charges
to be paid in nine (9) equal monthly installments. Knight College
Resource Group handles our Nine Month Payment Plan. The application
and a nonrefundable handling fee of $100 must be returned to Knight
by June 10, 1997. The payment plan electronic withdrawals will
begin on July 1, 1997.
A student who defaults in the payment of indebtedness
to the University shall be subject to suspension, dismissal, and
refusal of a transfer of credits or issuance of an official transcript.
Such indebtedness includes, but is not limited
to, delinquency of a borrower in repaying a loan administered
by the student loan office and the inability of that office to
collect such a loan because the borrower has discharged the indebtedness
through bankruptcy proceedings. If the student is a degree, certificate,
or diploma candidate, his or her name will be stricken from the
A student who has been suspended or dismissed
for nonpayment of indebtedness to the University may not be reinstated
until such indebtedness is paid in full.
Application Fee: $40 or $60.
Payable by all applicants for admission at
the time the application for admission is submitted. The fee is
$40 for applications postmarked by December 1, 1997, and $60 after
that date. It is not refundable. Checks and money orders should
be made payable to Brandeis University. No application for admission
will be processed until this fee is paid. There is a one-time
fee waiver for Brandeis students and alumni.
Matriculation Deposit: $300.
Payable by a master's degree, certificate,
or diploma applicant upon notification of acceptance. This fee
reserves a place in the class and is credited toward the first
semester tuition bill. If a student fails to enroll or withdraws
his or her application, the matriculation deposit is forfeited.
The fees for tuition in the Graduate School
for 1997-98 are as follows:
Full-time resident students: $22,360 per year,
or $11,180 per term.
Post-resident students: $1,400 per year.
Continuation Fee: $700 per year.
Post-baccalaureate studio art students, modern
Hebrew pedagogy students, and Artist diploma students: $11,180
Special students, post-baccalaureate premedical
students, and part-time resident students: $2,795 per course,
In view of the constantly increasing costs
of education, students may expect one or more tuition increases
during their academic careers.
Post-Baccalaureate Program Fee
Premedical program: $100, one-time fee payable
Studio art program: $760 per year.
Sustainable International Development Administrative
Fee: $160. A one-time fee payable
in the second year.
Orientation Fee: $35.
A one-time fee payable by students entering
for the first time.
Graduate Student Activities Fee: $10 per
Final Doctoral Fee: $325.
This fee covers all costs for the year in
which the Ph.D. degree will be conferred, including the costs
for the microfilm publication of the dissertation, publication
of the abstract of the dissertation in Dissertation Abstracts,
issuance of a Library of Congress number and appropriate library
cards, binding two copies of the dissertation, one for use in
the program and one Xerox-printed copy in book form for the author.
The Final Doctoral Fee covers the rental expenses for academic
robes for graduation and the cost of the diploma.
candidates for the Ph.D. degree must pay the $325 Final Doctoral
Fee prior to the receipt of their degrees.
A service fee will be charged to a studentÌs
account if a payment or a check negotiated through Brandeis is
returned by the bank for any reason.
Readmission Fee: $300.
Payable by a student who, after withdrawal,
suspension, or dismissal for more than two years, has been reinstated
with the consent of the dean of arts and sciences.
Transcript Fee: $2.
Students, former students, and graduates should
request official transcripts of their records from the Office
of the University Registrar, Kutz Hall. The charge is $2 for each
copy issued after the first one, which is free. Requests by mail
for transcripts must be accompanied by a check in the correct
amount payable to Brandeis University. Official transcripts will
be issued only to those students whose University financial records
are in order.
Diploma Fee: $45.
Payable by candidates for the master's degree.
Student Health Services Fee: $335.
Entitles the full-time graduate student to
use of the Health Services.
Student Insurance Fee (Brandeis Plan): $665.
Payment of the Insurance Fee entitles the
full-time graduate student to participate in the benefits of the
Health Insurance Program. The fee is payable prior to registration
and no portion is refundable. Student insurance is optional for
special students. Additional insurance options, including family
coverage, are described in A Guide to University Health Services
which is available from the Office of Health Services.
Parking Fee: $35-$150.
Payable annually at fall registration for privilege of parking an automobile on campus. Fee varies with assigned parking area.
S = Refunds
The only fee that may be refundable, in part,
is the tuition fee. No refund of the tuition fee will be made
because of illness, absence, or dismissal during the academic
year. A student who is withdrawing must notify the Graduate School
in writing; refunds will be based on the date of notification
and calculated in accordance with the following:
Before the opening day of instruction: 100%
of the term's tuition.
On or before the second Friday following the
opening day of instruction: 75% of the term's tuition.
On or before the fifth Friday following the
opening day of instruction: 50% of the term's tuition.
After the fifth Friday following the opening
day of instruction: no refund.
Requests for refunds should be addressed to
the Bursar's office.
In the case of a scholarship student who withdraws,
the student's account will be credited with the same proportion
of the term scholarship as charged for tuition: 75% if the student
leaves on or before the second Friday; 50% on or before the fifth
Friday and no refund thereafter.
3. Stafford Loans
In compliance with federal law, special refund arrangements apply to first-time students receiving aid under Title IV. Contact the Graduate School financial aid officer for additional information.
M = Financial Assistance
To help students whose records indicate scholarly
promise, the University makes available special scholarships and
fellowships and a variety of awards and work opportunities. All
awards are granted and accepted with the understanding that they
may be revoked or reduced at any time for undesirable conduct
or poor academic standing.
Ordinarily, no student may hold a fellowship,
scholarship, or teaching assistantship for more than two years
of study for the master's degree, more than three years of study
for the M.F.A. degree, or more than four years of study for the
Ph.D. degree. Priority in making awards is given to full-time
Students receiving financial aid from Brandeis
University, whether in the form of a scholarship, fellowship,
or teaching/research assistantship, are required to maintain a
superior level of academic progress.
All students contemplating outside employment that would require a significant portion of their time should discuss their intentions with their program advisor.
S = Scholarships
A scholarship is an award on grounds of scholarly ability that will be used exclusively for remission of tuition fees. Full scholarships and partial scholarships are available. Scholarship students are liable for all but tuition charges. No services are required of students for scholarship awards.
S = Fellowships
A fellowship is an academic award of honor to outstanding students to help them in furthering advanced study and research. The award may carry with it the obligation to participate in teaching and/or research duties. A fellowship recipient must pay tuition fees unless the award includes a scholarship in an amount covering tuition.
S = Teaching Assistantships
Teaching assignments, when not included in
a fellowship award, are given normally to resident and post-resident
students in the Graduate School who do part-time teaching as part
of their training and are paid. The University has established
teaching assistantships to enable distinguished graduate students
to gain teaching experience while continuing their studies. Teaching
assistants are eligible for other awards, including scholarships
Teaching assistantship appointments are made on the authority of the President of the University with the approval of the associate dean of the Graduate School who, in turn, acts on the recommendation of a student's program chair. Appointments are made for periods of one year or one term and are renewable. The University reserves the right to terminate any appointment at any time for due cause. Conduct, character, or academic standing that is regarded as undesirable may constitute cause, but the University need not assign any reason for the termination of an appointment at any time. All teaching assistantship appointments are made and accepted with this understanding, and neither the University nor any of its Trustees or officers shall be under any liability whatsoever for the summary termination of a teaching assistantship.
S = Research Assistantships
Research assistantships are available in several programs, especially the science areas. Application should be made to the chair of the graduate program.
S = DeanÌs Fellowship
Brandeis University established in 1995 the
DeanÌs Fellowship. This fellowship was created in order
to encourage students from minority groups whose under-representation
in the nationÌs Ph.D. population has been severe and long-standing
to pursue doctoral studies in the humanities, social sciences,
and creative arts at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
at Brandeis. The DeanÌs Fellowship will provide four years
of funding with a nine-month stipend, assuming satisfactory academic
progress. During the last three years, the recipient of the DeanÌs
Fellowship will be expected to serve as a teaching assistant in
one course per year.
Students who are eligible for this fellowship
are Native Americans/Alaskan natives, Hispanic/Latinos, Filipinos,
African-Americans, and Asian-Americans, who are United States
citizens. In order to qualify for the DeanÌs Fellowship,
applicants must be nominated by one of the following programs:
American history, anthropology, comparative history, English and
American literature, interdisciplinary program in literary studies,
music, Near Eastern and Judaic studies, psychology, politics,
Students who wish to be considered for the DeanÌs Fellowship should express their interest in the statement of purpose included with their application.
S = Tuition Grants
A limited number of need-based grants are available (up to a maximum of 25% of tuition for masterÌs candidates and 50% for Ph.D. candidates) to students who do not receive program funding, and who are enrolled at least half-time. Students may apply for need-based grants by completing the CSS financial aid PROFILE.
S = Loans
Subsidized Federal Stafford Loans are available
to U.S. citizens and permanent residents who are enrolled at least
half-time in a degree, certificate, or diploma program and who
demonstrate need for them by filing the Free Application for Federal
Student Aid (FAFSA). Graduate students may borrow up to $8,500
per year in subsidized money. Post-baccalaureate certificate students
may borrow up to $5,500 per year. The maximum aggregate limit
for the program (including undergraduate borrowing) is $65,500.
Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans are available
to students who are not eligible for subsidized Stafford Loans
based on need. Applicants must still file the FAFSA. Graduate
students may borrow up to a maximum of $10,000 a year ($5,000
for independent post-baccalaureate students) with an aggregate
maximum of $73,000 in unsubsidized money. Eligible students may
borrow from both the subsidized and unsubsidized Stafford programs
as long as the annual total does not exceed $18,500.
Repayment of a Stafford Loan begins six months
after the borrower ceases to be enrolled at least half-time. The
repayment period is 10 years, during which time interest is charged.
There is no interest charged during the in-school period for subsidized
loans. However, students are required to pay the interest during
the in-school period or have it capitalized and added to the loan
balance for the unsubsidized loan.
The terms for the above loan programs are
subject to federal legislation and may change. Additional current
information is available from the Graduate School.
Students wishing to apply for a Stafford should contact the Graduate School for application materials.
S = Satisfactory Academic Progress
Federal regulations require that a student
receiving federal assistance make satisfactory academic progress
in accordance with standards set by the University. The Graduate
School of Arts and Sciences delegates the responsibility to monitor
academic progress to the individual graduate programs. Admission
to the Graduate School is valid for one academic year. Graduate
programs review students' academic progress and make recommendations
for readmission annually. Any student who is readmitted for the
following year is considered to be making satisfactory academic
progress and is eligible for financial aid from federal sources.
Students who enter the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences must earn the Doctorate within eight years, the Master of Arts within four years, the Master of Fine Arts within five years, and the Post-baccalaureate Certificate and the Diploma within two years from the inception of study exclusive of leaves of absence (pro-rated for part-time study). Students who have passed the terminal point for the degree may apply to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for an extension and, if approved, may be eligible for additional federal financial aid.
M = Courses of Instruction
Listed on the following pages are undergraduate
and graduate courses of instruction for the faculty of arts and
sciences. Courses meet for three hours a week unless otherwise
Most courses are available to all students
qualified to take them. Access to some courses is governed by
the signature of the instructor. Other courses impose a numerical
limit to preserve environmental conditions suitable to the pedagogy
the instructor employs; students increase their chances of gaining
enrollment in such courses by participating in pre-enrollment.
Each semester the University makes a serious
effort to ensure that numerous alternatives exist by which to
make progress toward University requirements; however, it cannot
guarantee access on demand to a particular course or to a particular
section of a multisectioned course.
Generally, a course is offered with the frequency
indicated at the end of its description. The frequency may be
designated as every semester, every year, in even years (e.g.
1996-97), in odd years (e.g. 1997-98), every third year, or every
Courses numbered 1-99 are primarily for undergraduate
students; courses numbered 100-199 are for both undergraduate
and graduate students; and courses numbered 200 and above are
primarily for graduate students. Undergraduates may not enroll
in courses numbered 200 or higher without the written permission
of the instructor.
Among the courses numbered 200 and higher
are courses in the Florence Heller Graduate School for Advanced
Studies and Social Welfare. Undergraduates may enroll only in
those Heller School courses which are appropriate for an undergraduate
arts and sciences degree. Such courses are listed in this Bulletin.
Suffixes after course numbers have the following
A or B semester course
C semester course meeting throughout the year
D full-year course
E intensive course, two semester course credits, in one semester
F half semester course, half-course credit (Graduate School of International Economics and Finance only)
A semester course carries one semester-course
credit (four semester-hour credits) while a year course carries
two semester-course credits (eight semester-hour credits). Exceptions
are noted under the individual course descriptions. Certain courses
do not count for rate of work and do not carry course credit toward
graduation. Occasionally, courses are awarded additional semester-hour
credits, yet count as only one semester course toward graduation.
All such courses are specifically identified in the course listing.
Certain courses require a laboratory course taken concurrently.
A student may take either half of a full-year
course with a D suffix for credit with the approval and consent
of the course instructor on the appropriate form designated by
the Office of the University Registrar. Students who enrolled
in full-year courses in the fall term are continued in the spring
The University reserves the right to make
any necessary changes in the offerings without prior notice.