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Sam Muller

MullerCroppedSenior Legal Adviser of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), 1998-2002

An interview with Sam Muller, conducted on 27 May 2015 in The Hague by David P. Briand, Linda Carter and Leigh Swigart.

Access the full transcript here.

Go to the Brandeis Institutional Repository to conduct a keyword search across the entire Ad Hoc Tribunals Oral History collection.

Please use the following citation format: Oral History Interview with Sam Muller (2017), Ad Hoc Tribunals Oral History Project, pages XX, International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life, Robert D. Farber University Archives & Special Collections Department, Brandeis University.

Interview content

In this interview, Mr. Muller reminisces about the creation of the Coordination Council by ICTY President Jorda to ensure communication between different sectors of the ICTY; the thought process leading to the election of Ad Litem judges; the impact of Bruno Cathala in developing indicators for efficiency within the ICTY Registry that were then implemented by Hans Holthuis; the practice of Judge Jorda, Muller, and others to use French in the Tribunal despite it being more comfortable for most of the employees to use English; transitioning into his role as an advisor in the Registry of the International Criminal Court. He discusses his role in negotiating victim and witness agreements; coordinating investigations in Kosovo; the differences between civil and common law systems; the life cycle of ICTY and its focus at different states; the need to develop and fund ICTY outreach; ICTY lessons for ICC; and his personal view on wherein lies the future of international justice.  

Biographical information

Sam Muller was born in Noordwijk, The Netherlands. He received his LL.M. from Leiden University, and his Ph.D in 1995, also from Leiden University. He was Associate Professor and Program Coordinator of the LL.M. Program at Leiden University from 1995-96, after which he worked for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency. He served as Senior Legal Adviser at the ICTY from 1998 to 2002, then transitioned to the International Criminal Court, where he acted as Special Adviser on External Relations from 2002 to 2004. Mr. Muller founded HiiL in 2005 and is currently the organization's CEO, overseeing initiatives that connect knowledge about what works and is needed in the justice field with meaningful reform processes.