Historical Studies: Courts, Law, and Jurisprudence

Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Brinkley Messick, and David S. Powers, editors. Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas. Cambridge (MA) and London: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Moors, Annelies. Women, Property, and Islam: Palestinian Experiences, 1920-1990. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Shaham, Ron. Family and the Courts in Modern Egypt: A Study Based on Decisions by the Shari'a Courts, 1900-1955. Leiden and New York: E. J. Brill, 1997.

———. "A Woman's Place: A Confrontation With Bedouin Custom in the Sharia Court." The Journal of the American Oriental Society 113, no. 2 (1993).

Sonbol, Amira El Azhary, ed. Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History. Syracuse, N. Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1996.

Toledano, Henry. Judicial Practice and Family Law in Morocco: The Chapter on Marriage From Sijilmasi's Al-'Amal Al-Mutlaq. Boulder (CO): Social Science Monographs, 1981.

Tucker, Judith E. "Muftis and Matrimony: Islamic Law and Gender in Ottoman Syria and Palestine." Islamic Law and Society 1, no. 3 (1994).

Welchman, Lynn. "The Development of Islamic Family Law in the Legal System of Jordan." International and Comparative Law Quarterly 37 (1988): 868-86.