Additional Information

The principal investigator's publications include those with author names McArthur, Zebrowitz-McArthur and Zebrowitz.


2010 to present
2000 to 2009
1990 to 1999
1980 to 1989
1960 to 1979

2010 to present

Franklin, R.G.Jr. & Zebrowitz, L.A. (in press) The influence of political candidates’ facial appearance on older and younger adults’ voting choices and actual electoral success. Cogent OA Psychology. doi: 10.1080/23311908.2016.1151602

Zebrowitz, L.A., Ward, N., Boshyan, J., Gutchess, A. & Hadjikhani, N. (2016) Dedifferentiated face processing in older adults is linked to lower resting state metabolic activity in fusiform face area. Brain Research, 1644, 22-31. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2016.05.007

Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin, R.G.Jr. & Boshyan, J. (2015) Face shape and behavior: Implications of similarities in infants and adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 312-317.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin, R.G.Jr. & Palumbo, R. (2014) Ailing voters advance attractive congressional candidates. Evolutionary Psychology, 12(5), 1053-1066.

Zebrowitz, L.A. & Franklin, R.G.Jr. (2014) The attractiveness halo effect and the babyface stereotype in older and younger adults: Similarities, own-age accentuation, and OA positivity effects. Journal of Experimental Aging Research, 40(3), 375-393; doi: 10.1080/0361073X.2014.897151

Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin,R.G.Jr., Boshyan,J., Luevano,V., Agrigoroaei,S., Milosavljevic, B., & Lachman, M.E. (2014) Older and younger adults' accuracy in discerning health and competence in older and younger faces. Psychology and Aging, 29(3), 454-468; doi: 10.1037/a0036255

Ng, S.Y., Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin, R.G.Jr. (2014) Age differences in the differentiation of trait impressions from facesThe Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Advance online publication; doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu113 

Franklin, R.G.Jr. & Zebrowitz, L.A. (2013) Older adults' trait impressions of faces are sensitive to subtle resemblance to emotions. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 37(3), 139-151. 

Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin, R.G.Jr., Hillman, S., & Boc, H. (2013) Older and younger adults’ first impressions from faces: Similar in agreement but different in positivity. Psychology and Aging, 28, 202–212. doi: 10.1037/a0030927

Boshyan, J., Zebrowitz, L.A., Franklin, R.G.Jr., McCormick, C.M., & Carré, J.M. (2013) Age similarities in recognizing threat from faces and diagnostic cues. Journals of Gerontology, Series B:
Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences,
Advance online publication; doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbt054

Franklin, R.G.Jr.,  Zebrowitz, L.A., Fellous, J-M., & Lee, A. (2013) Human ability and cultural variation in sex-differentiating macaque faces. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(3): 344-348.

Cassidy, B.S., Zebrowitz, L.A. & Gutchess, A.H. (2012) Appearance-based inferences bias source memory. Memory & Cognition, 40(8): 1214-1224.

Strom M.A., Zebrowitz L.A., Zhang, S., Bronstad, M.P., & Lee, H.K. (2012) Skin and Bones: The Contribution of Skin Tone and Facial Structure to Racial Prototypicality Ratings. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41193.

Undurraga E.A., Zebrowitz L., Eisenberg D.T.A., Reyes-Garcia V., TAPS Bolivia Study Team, & Godoy, R. (2012) The Perceived Benefits of Height: Strength, Dominance, Social Concern, and Knowledge among Bolivian Native Amazonians. PLoS ONE 7(5): e35391.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Wang, R., Bronstad, P.M., Eisenberg, D., Undurraga, E., Reyes-García, V., & Godoy R. (2012). First Impressions From Faces Among U.S. and Culturally Isolated Tsimane’ People in the Bolivian Rainforest. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43(1), 119-134.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Zhang, E. (2011). Neural Evidence for Reduced Apprehensiveness of Familiarized Stimuli in a Mere Exposure Paradigm. Social Neuroscience, iFirst, 1-12.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Wadlinger, H., Luevano, V., White, B., Xing, C., & Zhang, E. (2011). Animal Analogies in First Impressions of Faces. Social Cognition, 29, 486-496.

Sparko, A., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (2011). Moderating Effects of Facial Expression and Movement on the Babyface Stereotype. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 35, 243-257.

Tickle-Degnan, L., Zebrowitz, L.A., & Ma, H. (2011). Culture, gender, and health care stigma:  Practitioners' response to facial masking experienced by people with Parkinson's disease. Social Science & Medicine, 73, 95-102.

Zebrowitz,L.A., Kikuchi, M., & Fellous, J.M.(2010). Facial Resemblance to Emotions: Group Differences, Impression Effects, and Race Stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 175-189.

Liang, X., Zebrowitz, L. A., & Zhang, Y. (2010). Neural Activation in the ‘Reward Circuit' Shows a Nonlinear Response to Facial Attractiveness. Social Neuroscience, 5, 320-334.

2000 to 2009

Hemmesch, A., Tickle-Degnan, L., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (2009). The influence of facial masking and sex on older adults' impressions of individuals with Parkinson's disease. Psychology and Aging, 24, 542-549.

Liang, X., Zebrowitz, L. A., & Aharon, I. (2009). Effective connectivity between amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex differentiates the perception of facial expressions. Social Neuroscience, 4, 185-196.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Luevano, V., Bronstad, M.P., & Aharon, I. (2009). Neural Activation to Babyfaced Men Matches Activation to Babies. Social Neuroscience, 4, 1-10.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Montepare, J.M. (2008). Social Psychological Face Perception:  Why Appearance Matters. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 1497-1517.

Zebrowitz, L. A., White, B., & Wieneke, K. (2008). Mere exposure and racial prejudice: Exposure to other-race faces increases liking for strangers of that race. Social Cognition, 26, 259-275.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Bronstad, P.M., & Lee, H.K. (2007). The contribution of face familiarity to ingroup favoritism and stereotyping. Social Cognition, 25, 306-338.

Zebrowitz,L.A., Kikuchi, M., & Fellous, J.M.(2007). Are Effects of Emotion Expression on Trait Impressions Mediated by Babyfaceness? Evidence from Connectionist Modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 648-662.

Luevano, V.X., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (2007).  Do impressions of health, dominance, and warmth explain why masculine faces are preferred more in a short-term mate? Evolutionary Psychology, 5, 15-27.

Koehler, N., Rhodes, G., Simmons, L.W., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (2006). Do cyclic changes in women's face preferences target cues to long-term health? Social Cognition, 24, 641-656.

Zebrowitz, L.A. (2006).  Finally faces find favor. Social Cognition. 24, 657-701.

Zebrowitz, L.A. & Montepare, J.M. (2005).  Appearance DOES matter.  Science, 308, 1565-1566.

Zebrowitz, L.A. (2004).  The origins of first impressions. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 2, 93-108.

Zebrowitz, L.A. & Rhodes, G. (2004). Sensitivity to ‘bad genes' and the anomalous face overgeneralization effect:  Accuracy, cue validity, and cue utilization in judging intelligence and health.  Journal of Nonverbal Behavior.  28, 167-185.

Rhodes, G., Chan, J., Zebrowitz, L.A., & Simmons, L.W. (2003). Does sexual dimorphism in human faces signal health? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B (Suppl.), 270, S93-95.

Zebrowitz, L.A. (2003). Aging Stereotypes -- Internalization or Inoculation? A Commentary. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 58B (4), 35-38.

Zebrowitz, L.A. (2003).  Overgeneralization effects in perceiving nonverbal behavior:  Evolutionary and ecological origins. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 133-138.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Fellous, J.M., Mignault, A., & Andreoletti, C. (2003).  Trait Impressions as Overgeneralized Responses to Adaptively Significant Facial Qualities: Evidence from Connectionist Modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 194-215.

Zebrowitz, L.A. (2002). The affordances of immersive visual environments for studying social affordances. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 143-145.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Hall, J.A., Murphy, N.A., & Rhodes, G. (2002).  Looking smart and looking good: Facial cues to intelligence and their origins. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 238-249.

Andreoletti, C., Zebrowitz, L.A., & Lachman, M.E. (2001). Physical appearance and control beliefs in young, middle-aged, and older adults.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 969-981.

Rhodes, G., Zebrowitz, L.A., Clark, A., Kalick, S.M., Hightower, A., & McKay, R. (2001).  Do facial averageness and symmetry signal health? Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 31-46.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Montepare, J.M. (2000b). Integrating social psychology and aging research: Toward a social-developmental theory of behavior. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 22, 257-260. 

1990 to 1999

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Lee, S.Y. (1999).  Appearance, stereotype incongruent behavior, and social relationships.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 569-584.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Andreoletti, C., Collins, M.A., Lee, S.Y., & Blumenthal, J. (1998).  Bright, bad, babyfaced boys: Appearance stereotypes do not always yield self-fulfilling prophecy effects.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1300-1320.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Collins, M.A., & Dutta, R. (1998).  Appearance and personality across the lifespan.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 736-749.

Kalick, S.M., Zebrowitz, L.A., Langlois, J.H., & Johnson, R.M. (1998).  Does human facial attractiveness honestly advertise health?  Longitudinal data on an evolutionary question.  Psychological Science, 9, 8-13.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Collins, M.A. (1997).  Accurate social perception at zero acquaintance: The affordances of a Gibsonian approach.  Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1, 203-222.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Voinescu, L., & Collins, M.A. (1996). ‘Wide eyed' and ‘crooked-faced': Determinants of perceived and real honesty across the life span.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 1258-1269.

Collins, M. & Zebrowitz, L.A. (1995).  The contributions of appearance to occupational outcomes in civilian and military settings.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25, 129-163.

Peng, Y., Zebrowitz, L.A., & Lee, H.K. (1993).  The impact of cultural background and cross-cultural experience on impressions of American and Korean male speakers.  Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 24, 203-220.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Montepare, J.M., & Lee, H.K. (1993).  They don't all look alike: Differentiating same versus other race individuals.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 85-101.

Montepare, J.M., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (1993).  A cross-cultural comparison of impressions created by age-related variations in gait.  Journal of Non-verbal Behavior, 17, 55-68.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Olson, K., & Hoffman, K. (1993).   Stability of babyfaceness and attractiveness across the lifespan.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 453-466.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Brownlow, S.A., & Olson, K. (1992).  Baby talk to the babyfaced.  Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 16, 143-158.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & Montepare, J.M. (1992).  Impressions of babyfaced males and females across the lifespan.  Developmental Psychology, 28, 1143-1152.

Friedman, H., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (1992).  The contribution of facial maturity to sex-role stereotypes.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 430-438.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Kendall-Tackett, K., & Fafel, J. (1991).  The influence of children's facial maturity on parental expectations and punishments.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 52, 221-238.

Zebrowitz, L.A., & McDonald, S. (1991).  The impact of litigants' babyfacedness and attractiveness on adjudications in small claims courts.  Law and Human Behavior, 15, 603-623.

Zebrowitz, L.A., Tenenbaum, D.R., & Goldstein, L.H. (1991).  The impact of job applicants' facial maturity, sex, and academic achievement on hiring recommendations.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 21, 525-548.

Brownlow, S., & Zebrowitz, L.A. (1990).  Facial appearance, gender, and credibility in television commercials.  Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 14, 51-60.

1980 to 1989

Zebrowitz-McArthur, L., & Montepare, J.M. (1989).  Contributions of a babyface and a childlike voice to impressions of moving and talking faces.  Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 13, 189-203.

Montepare, J.M., & Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. (1989).  Children's perceptions of babyfaced adults.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 69, 467-472.

Schmidt, N., & Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. (1989).  Use of the Macintosh in an Experimental Psychology course.  Collegiate Microcomputers, VII, 1-6.

Montepare, J.M., & Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. (1988).  Impressions of people created by age related qualities of their gaits.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 547-556.

Berry, D.S., & Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. (1988).  What's in a face? The impact of facial maturity and defendant intent on the attribution of legal responsibility.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14, 23-33.

Montepare, J.M., & Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. (1987).  Perceptions of adults with childlike voices in two cultures.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 23, 331-349.

McArthur, L.Z., & Berry, D.S. (1987).  Cross-cultural agreement in perceptions of babyfaced adults.  Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 18, 165-192.

Montepare, J.M., & McArthur, L.Z. (1986).  The influence of facial characteristics on children's age perceptions.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 42, 303-314.

Lachman, M.E., & McArthur, L.Z. (1986).  Adulthood age differences in causal attributions for cognitive, physical, and social performance.  Psychology and Aging, 1, 127-132.

Berry, D.S., & McArthur, L.Z. (1986).  Perceiving character in faces:  The impact of age-related craniofacial changes on social perception.  Psychological Bulletin, 100, 3-18.

McArthur, L.Z., & Obrant, S. (1986).  Sex biases in comparable worth analyses.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 757-770.

Berry, D.S., & McArthur, L.Z.  (1985).  Some components and consequences of a babyface.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 312‑323.

McArthur, L.Z., & Apatow, K.  (1984). Impressions of babyfaced adults. Social Cognition, 2, 315‑342.

McArthur, L.Z., & Baron, R.M.  (1983). Toward an ecological theory of social perception.  Psychological Review, 90, 215‑238.

Robinson, J., & McArthur, L.Z.  (1982). The impact of salient vocal qualities on causal attributions for a speaker's behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 236‑247.

McArthur, L.Z. (1982).  Physical distinctiveness and self‑attribution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 460‑467.

McArthur, L.Z., & Ginsberg, E.  (1981). Causal attribution to salient stimuli:  An investigation of visual fixation mediators.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7, 547‑553.

McArthur, L.Z., Crocker, D.Q., & Folino, E.  (1981).  Individual differences in cue utilization on spatial tasks.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 52, 923‑929.

McArthur, L.Z.  (1980).  Illusory causation and illusory correlation:  Two epistemo­logical accounts.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 507‑519.

McArthur, L.Z., & Friedman, S.  (1980).  Illusory correlation in impression formation: Variations in the shared distinctiveness effect as a function of the distinctive person's age, race, and sex.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 615‑624.

McArthur, L.Z., Solomon, M.R., & Jaffe, R.H.  (1980).  Weight differences in emotional responsiveness to proprioceptive and pictorial stimuli.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 308‑319.

1960 to 1979

Eisen, S.V., & McArthur, L.Z.  (1979).  Evaluating and sentencing a defendant as a function of his salience and the perceiver's set.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 5, 48‑52.

McArthur, L.Z., & Solomon, L.K.  (1978).  Perceptions of an aggressive encounter as a function of the victim's salience and the perceiver's arousal.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 1278‑1290.

DiVitto, B., & McArthur, L.Z.  (1978).  Developmental differences in the use of distinctiveness, consensus, and consistency information for making causal attributions.  Developmental Psychology, 14, 474‑483.

McArthur, L.Z., & Post, D.L.  (1977).  Figural emphasis and person perception.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 13, 520‑535.  Reprinted in W. Herkner (Ed.), (1981).  Attribution‑Psychologie Der Kausalitat, Verlag Hans Huber:  Bern.

McArthur, L.Z., & Eisen, S.V. (1976).  Television and sex‑role stereotyping.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 6, 329‑351.

McArthur, L.Z. (1976).  The lesser influence of consensus than distinctiveness information on causal attribution:  A test of the person‑thing hypothesis.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 733‑742.

McArthur, L.Z. (1976).  Note on sex differences in causal attribution. Psychological Reports, 38, 29‑30.

McArthur, L.Z., & Eisen, S.V. (1976).  Achievements of male and female storybook characters as determinants of achievement behavior by boys and girls.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 467‑473.

McArthur, L.Z., & Burstein, B. (1975).  Field dependent eating and perception as a function of weight and sex.  Journal of Personality, 43, 402‑420.

McArthur, L.Z., & Resko, B.G. (1975).  The portrayal of men and women in American television commercials.  Journal of Social Psychology, 209‑221.

McArthur, L.Z. (1973).  Perceiving the causes of one's own behavior: An unexpected reversal of Kelley's Attribution Theory.  Psychological Reports, 32, 983‑988.

McArthur, L.Z. (1972).  The how and what of why:  Some determinants and consequences of causal attribution.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 22, 171‑193.  (Abstracted with commentary in E. Garfield (Ed.), 1987.  Contemporary Classics in the Social and Behavioral Sciences.  I.S.I. Press: Philadelphia.; Reprinted in L. Berkowitz & D. Aderman (Eds.), Selected Readings in Social Psychology.  Dryden Press).

McArthur, L.Z. (1971).  Jesters do oft prove prophets (A review of Caroline Bird's Born Female).  Contemporary Psychology, 16, 568‑569.

McArthur, L.Z. (1970).  Luck is alive and well in New Haven: A serendipitous finding on perceived control of reinforcement after the draft lottery.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 16, 316‑318.

McArthur, L.Z., & Zigler, E.  (1969).  Level of satiation on social reinforcers and valence of the reinforcing agent as determinants of social reinforcer effectiveness.  Developmental Psychology, 1, 739‑746.

McArthur, L.Z., Kiesler, C.A., & Cook, B.P.  (1969).  Acting on an attitude as a function of self‑percept and inequity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 12, 295‑302.