International Advisory Board Members
Richard J. Goldstone is widely regarded by the international community as one of the leading advocates for justice and human rights in the world today. Judge Goldstone was the Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. From 1991 to 1994, he chaired what became known as the Goldstone Commission, an independent judicial commission that investigated activities and people who posed a threat to the restoration of civil rights during the transition to post-apartheid South Africa. During his career, he has addressed problems of fidelity to law in unjust regimes and worked to define judicial ethics for international judges. He was educated at King Edward VII School and the University of the Witwatersrand, where he graduated in 1962. From August 1999 to December 2001, he was the chairperson of the International Independent Inquiry on Kosovo. He is the Honorary President of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association, and he was also a member of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the U.N. Oil for Food Programme (the Volcker Committee). He chaired a United Nations Committee to advise on the archives of the Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. Since 2002, he has been a faculty director of the Brandeis Institute for International Judges. He has served as a visiting professor at Harvard, Georgetown, Fordham, Stanford, Yale and New York University. He is presently a Senior Fellow at Yale's Jackson Institute for Global Affairs. In 2008, he was named the recipient of the MacArthur Award for International Justice and as the first “The Hague Peace Philosopher.” In April 2009, he was named to head a fact-finding mission investigating alleged war crimes during the conflict in Gaza from December 2008 to January 2009. Member of a Commission of Jurists appointed in 2012 to inquire into the cause of the death of UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld, who was killed in an aircraft crash in 1961.
Diego Arria is a distinguished diplomat and businessman who served as the Permanent Representative of Venezuela to the United Nations and as President of the Security Council. Recently he was Special Adviser to the Secretary General of the United Nations and Visiting Scholar at Columbia University. He previously served as Governor of Caracas, Congressman and Minister of Information and Tourism of Venezuela, Visiting Diplomatic Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, and Board member of the International Peace Academy in New York. Arria serves on the advisory boards of Unilever, the Latin American Advisor of the Inter-American Dialogue, the Institute of the Americas at the University of California in San Diego, School of International Service (SIS) at American University, Institute of Latin American Studies at Columbia University, and the International Crisis Group. He also serves on the Board of Governors of the Museum of Arts and Design of New York and the United Nations Association of the United States (UN-USA). Arria is Chairman of the Advisory Board of Athelera LLC in New York, a strategic financial advisory firm focused on mergers and acquisitions.
Jules Bernstein is a Washington, D.C.-based labor lawyer who has advocated for workers’ rights for more than a half-century. He has represented several of the country’s largest labor unions. In 1970, he served as union counsel when 250,000 U.S Postal Service workers went on strike. As a result, they obtained substantial wage increases, the right to collective bargaining and the first of many subsequent negotiated labor contracts. In the 1980s, he sued the Postal Service after discovering that postal employees were not being properly compensated on the job and were not being paid for work performed at home. Following years of litigation, 500,000 postal workers won retroactive wages and damages. While counsel to the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, he helped organize the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963. He and his wife, Linda Lipsett, operate a “mom and pop” labor law firm, where they specialize in Fair Labor Standards Act litigation. He serves on the board of directors of the National Labor College, Interfaith Worker Justice and the National Employment Law Project. At Brandeis, he established the Louis D. Brandeis Legacy Fund for Social Justice, which supports Brandeis students, enhances campus life, and promotes the issues of social justice that the former U.S. Supreme Court justice championed throughout his life. In 2012 the Louis D. Brandeis Legacy Fund for Social Justice provided important funding for the first 'DEIS Impact, a weeklong "festival of social justice" at Brandeis, and continues to support that successful program in its second year. He received the Brandeis Alumni Achievement Award in 2007. Bernstein earned his J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School and his LL.M. in labor law from the New York University Law School.
A United States citizen, Thomas Buergenthal was a judge on the 15-member International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague from 2000 until his resignation in September 2010. He is a former President of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and a former member of the UN Human Rights Committee and of the U. N. Truth Commission for El Salvador. Recipient of the Gruber Foundation International Justice Prize and member of the Ethics Commission of the International Olympic Committee, he has been re-appointed Lobingier Professor of Comparative Law and Jurisprudence at the George Washington University Law School, where he taught before his election to the ICJ. He has also been re-named to the Committee on Conscience of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council. Judge Buergenthal is author or co-author of numerous books and law review articles on international law and international human rights topics. His memoir A Lucky Child: A Memoir of Surviving Auschwitz as a Young Boy was published in 2009.
Hans Corell served as Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and the Legal Counsel of the United Nations from March 1994 to March 2004. In this capacity, he was head of the Office of Legal Affairs in the United Nations Secretariat. Before joining the United Nations, he was Ambassador and Under-Secretary for Legal and Consular Affairs in his native Sweden’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1984 to 1994. From 1962 to 1972, he served first as a law clerk and later as a judge in circuit courts and appeal courts. In 1972, he joined the Ministry of Justice, where he became a Director in 1979 and the Chief Legal Officer in 1981. Corell has been a member of Sweden's delegation to the UN General Assembly 1985-1993 and has had several assignments related to the Council of Europe, OECD, and the CSCE (now OSCE). He was co-author of the CSCE proposal for the establishment of the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which was transmitted to the UN in February 1993. In 1998, he was the Secretary-General's representative at the Rome Conference on the International Criminal Court. Since his retirement from public service in 2004, Corell has been engaged in many different activities in the legal field, inter alia as legal adviser, lecturer, and member of different boards. Among other activities, he is involved in the work of the International Bar Association and the Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law. In January 2006, he gave the keynote address at the fourth Brandeis Institute for International Judges, held in Dakar, Senegal. He was Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the University of Lund from 2006-2012. He is the author of many publications. His website is at http://www.havc.se. (Click here to read an interview with Hans Corell conducted on March 9, 2006.) Member of a Commission of Jurists appointed in 2012 to inquire into the cause of the death of UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld, who was killed in an aircraft crash in 1961.
Kishore Mahbubani was appointed the first Dean of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy of the National University of Singapore in 2004. He is currently Dean and Professor in the Practice of Public. He was formerly a civil servant and career diplomat who was with the Singapore Foreign Service from 1971-2004. His overseas postings included Cambodia (during the war, in 1973-74), Kuala Lumpur, the United States, and the United Nations. Most recently, he was the Permanent Representative of Singapore to the United Nations and High Commissioner of Singapore to Canada. Mahbubani served as President of the Security Council in January 2001 and May 2002 and was the Permanent Secretary of the Foreign Ministry from 1993-1998 and he also served twice as Singapore’s Ambassador to the UN. He was the first Dean of the Civil Service College in Singapore and has served on the Boards and Councils of several institutions in Singapore, Europe and North America, including the Yale President's Council on International Activities, the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs, the Indian Prime Minister’s Global Advisory Council, the University of Bocconi International Advisory Committee and the World Economic Forum - Global Agenda Council on China.
Prof. Mahbubani has published and spoken in all corners of the globe. His articles have appeared in a wide range of journals and newspapers, including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, the Washington Quarterly, Survival, American Interest, the National Interest, Time, Newsweek, the Financial Times and New York Times. He is the author of “Can Asians Think?” as well as “Beyond the Age of Innocence: Rebuilding Trust between America and the World,” and “The New Asian Hemisphere: the Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East.” His latest book, “The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World,” was published in 2013. The Foreign Policy Association Medal was awarded to him in New York in June 2004 with the following opening words in the citation: “A gifted diplomat, a student of history and philosophy, a provocative writer and an intuitive thinker.” He was listed as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world by Foreign Policy and Prospect magazines in 2005 and was included in the 2009 Financial Times list of Top 50 individuals (including Pres. Obama, Premier Wen Jiabao and Pres. Sarkozy) who would shape the debate on the future of capitalism. Most recently, Prof Mahbubani was selected as one of Foreign Policy’s Top Global Thinkers in 2010 and 2011. In 2011, he was described as “the muse of the Asian century.”
Jamie F. Metzl is a partner in the global investment holding company Cranemere LLC and a Senior Fellow at the Asia Society. He was formally the Asia Society's Executive Vice President and responsible for overseeing the institution's strategic directions and overall program activities globally. Dr. Metzl has extensive government experience including service in the White House, the Department of State and U.S. Senate. In 2004 he ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri's Fifth Congressional District in Kansas City. Dr. Metzl's government appointments have included Deputy Staff Director and Senior Counselor of the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Senior Coordinator for International Public Information at the Department of State, and Director for Multilateral and Humanitarian Affairs on the White House National Security Council during the Clinton Administration. At the White House, he coordinated U.S. government international public information campaigns for Iraq, Kosovo, and other crises. A Khmer speaker, he was a Human Rights Officer for the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) from 1991 to 1993, where he helped establish a nation-wide human rights investigation and monitoring unit for Cambodia. The author of a non-fiction book on human rights in Southeast Asia and the novel The Depths of the Sea (St. Martin's Press), his writing on Asian affairs, virtual reality, human genetic engineering and other topics has appeared in The New York Times, Foreign Affairs and many other publications and he is a regular commentator in national and international media including the BBC, CNN, and Fox News. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a founder and Board Co-Chair of the bipartisan national security organization Partnership for a Secure America, and a former White House Fellow and Aspen Institute Crown Fellow. He serves on numerous charitable boards and holds a Ph.D. in Southeast Asian history from Oxford University, a juris doctorate from Harvard Law School, and is a magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Brown University. Dr. Metzl has completed seven ironman triathlons and 25 marathons.
Zia Mody is a prominent Indian legal consultant, considered an authority on corporate merger and acquisition law, securities law, private equity and project finance. Mody's initial education was at Elphinstone College, Mumbai. She went on to study law at Selwyn College, Cambridge University, followed by a master’s degree from Harvard Law School in 1979. Mody worked for five years with Baker & McKenzie in New York City before starting her own practice in Mumbai, which she merged twice with other firms to form AZB & Partners, one of India's largest law firms, where she is the managing partner. She is also a member of the Securities and Exchange Board of India's Standing Committee on Mutual Funds, and of the Capital Market Committee of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. Mody is the daughter of well-known Indian jurist Soli Sorabjee, and is a board member of the New Era High School. She is the parent of Brandeis alumna Aarti Mody '10, and a founding supporter of the Brandeis-India Initiative.
Professor Sari Nusseibeh is currently suspended from the Center's International Advisory Board as a consequence of the suspension of the partnership between Brandeis and Al-Quds University. This suspension is subject to re-evaluation as circumstances change. Details about the suspension of the partnership can be found here.
Sari Nusseibeh is a scholar and humanitarian whose voice has resonated throughout the Middle East with the hope for a solution to the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. In his various roles as president of Al-Quds University in Jerusalem, and as an activist, he has worked zealously on behalf of the people of his region. A philosophy professor, Nusseibeh earned his B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University in 1971 and his Ph.D. in Islamic Philosophy from Harvard University in 1978. In October 2001, Nusseibeh was briefly appointed Palestinian political representative in Jerusalem. In 2004-5, he was a Rita Hauser Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University. He was invited to deliver the Tanner Lectures on Human Values at Harvard in 2008, and the Multatuli Lecture at Leuven University in 2009, where he was also awarded an honorary doctoral degree. His other awards include the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute Four Freedoms Medal, 2004. He is a prolific writer whose work appears regularly in magazines and newspapers in the United States, Europe, Japan, and the Middle East. His English-language books, including No Trumpets, No Drums: A Two-State Settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (1991), have been translated into several languages, as has his more recent work Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life (2007), co-authored with Anthony David. His newest book, What Is a Palestinian State Worth? was published in 2011.
Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah has devoted himself to African development and conflict management throughout his professional career. Between 1969 and 1984, Ould-Abdallah held several posts with the Mauritanian government, including minister of foreign affairs, ambassador to the United States, and ambassador to the European Union. In 1984 he began work within the United Nations as the special coordinator for Africa and the least developed countries, and subsequently (1993-1995) as the special representative of the secretary-general in Burundi. He has authored many publications, including La Diplomatie Pytomane (1996) and Burundi on the Brink (2000), a detailed account of his experiences with the United Nations from 1993 to 1995. Ould-Abdallah was previously the executive secretary for the Global Coalition for Africa, an intergovernmental forum dedicated to addressing and promoting Africa's political and economic reforms. He is currently President of the Center for Strategies and Security for the Sahel Sahara. He previously served as Special Representative of the Secretary General for West Africa and as Special Representative of the Secretary General for Somalia. In January 2006, he gave the keynote address at the Western African Judicial Colloquium in Dakar, Senegal, a gathering coordinated by the Center of twelve West African high court judges and four international judges.
Michael Ratner is President Emeritus of the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) in New York and is Chairman of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) in Berlin. Both are non-profit human rights litigation organizations. He and CCR are currently the attorneys in the United States for Julian Assange and Wikileaks. He is still trying to get GUantanamo closed and the indefinite detention scheme it spawned ended. He will keep working until that goal is achieved. He and CCR have also attempted to break the wall of impunity around those officials in the US who ran the torture program. They have filed criminal complaints in the courts of Germany, France and Spain against former US officials including former Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld. A major area of Ratner's litigation and writing is the enforcement of the prohibition on torture and murder against various dictators and generals who travel to the United States. He has sued on behalf of victims in Guatemala, East Timor, Haiti and Argentina, among other countries. Recently he has been involved in the representation of Wikileaks. Ratner’s books include Hell No: Your Right to Dissent in 21st-Century America (2011); Who Killed Che? How the CIA Got Away with Murder (2011); International Human Rights Litigation in U.S. Courts, Second Edition (2008); Against War with Iraq (2003); Guantánamo: What the World Should Know (2004); and The Trial of Donald Rumsfeld: A Prosecution by Book (2008). He has taught human rights litigation at Yale and Columbia Law Schools. A past president of the National Lawyers Guild, Ratner has received many awards, among them Trial Lawyer of the Year, the Columbia Law School Public Interest Law Foundation Award, the Columbia Law School Medal of Honor (2005), the North Star Community Frederick Douglass Award, Honorary Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania Law School (2005), and The Nation Institute/Puffin Foundation Prize for Creative Citizenship (2007). In 2006, the National Law Journal named Ratner as one of the 100 most influential lawyers in the United States.
John Shattuck, President of Central European University, has a career that spans more than three decades in higher education, international diplomacy, foreign policy and human rights. Before coming to the Central European University, he was CEO of the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, a national public affairs center in Boston; and Senior Fellow at Tufts University, where he taught human rights and international relations. Shattuck served as Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor under President Clinton, playing a major role in the establishment by the United Nations of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia; assisting an international coalition under UN authority to restore a democratically-elected government to Haiti; and negotiating the Dayton Peace Agreement and other efforts to end the war in Bosnia. Subsequently he served as US Ambassador to the Czech Republic, working with the Czech government to assist in overhauling the country’s legal system, and with Czech educators to support innovative civic education programs in the country’s schools and universities. In recognition of his human rights leadership, he has received the International Human Rights Award from the United Nations Association of Boston; the Ambassador’s Award from the American Bar Association Central and East European Law Initiative; and the Tufts University Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award. Prior to his government service, Shattuck was a Vice-President at Harvard University, taught at the Harvard Law School, and was a Research Associate at the Kennedy School of Government. His career began at the American Civil Liberties Union, where he served as Executive Director of the Washington Office and National Staff Counsel and helped enact federal legislation to protect individual privacy and to enforce civil rights in the election process. He also handled a number of prominent civil rights and civil liberties court cases, including the representation of persons who had been targets of illegal surveillance during the Nixon administration.
Gillian Sorensen, senior advisor at the United Nations Foundation, is a national advocate on matters related to the United Nations and the United States-United Nations relationship, addressing audiences as diverse as university students, Congressional staff, Rotary, the Air Force Academy and West Point, World Affairs Councils and leaders of civil society. From 1993-2003 she served as Assistant Secretary-General under Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and then Secretary-General Kofi Annan. From 1978-1991, on appointment by Mayor Edward Koch, Sorensen was New York City Commissioner for the United Nations and Consular Corps, head of the city's liaison office with 30,000 diplomats. She is a graduate of Smith College and studied at the Sorbonne. In 2002 she was a teaching Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School (Institute of Politics). She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and serves on the Board of the Roosevelt Institute and the USC Center on Public Diplomacy. In addition to her public service, she has been active in politics and was a delegate to three national presidential conventions. Sorensen’s late husband, Theodore C. Sorensen, was the Founding Chair of the Ethics Center’s Board.
Shiranee Tilakawardane is a Supreme Court justice in Sri Lanka. She was the first woman appointed as a Court of Appeal judge in her country. Previously, she was a high court judge and an admiralty court judge. Tilakawardane's efforts are focused on the fields of equality, gender education, and child rights. She received an award from a national child protection authority for her work for the abused children in Sri Lanka. She has been active in Sakshi of India's gender workshops for judges, the Asia Pacific Forum for Gender Education for Judges, and serves on the International Panel of Judges for the Child Rights Bureau. Tilakawardane served as chairperson of a presidential commission investigating corruption in the purchase of arms and services by the Sri Lankan armed forces. From 2001 to 2003, she was one of 10 Brandeis International Fellows who participated in a series of three one-week institutes over an 18-month period, exploring topics such as human rights, intervention, and international law. (Click here to read an interview with Judge Tilakawardane conducted on March 9, 2006.)
Since 1996, Norbert Weissberg has served as chairman and controlling shareholder of Package Research Laboratory, the nation’s largest licensee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture for inspection of wooden pallets and containers intended for export. During that time, he has also held the position of chairman and controlling shareholder at Stapling Machines Company, a manufacturer of machine tools. From 1998 to 2002, he was chairman of the Coca Cola Bottling Company of Israel, and for 12 years prior was president of Ascom Holding Inc., a holding company for seven operating companies owned by Swiss investors. From 1962 to 1965, he was president of Equilease Corporation, a national equipment leasing company that was later purchased by leading aerospace manufacturer Honeywell Corporation. In addition to the Ethics Center International Advisory Board, he is on the boards of Medical Development for Israel, the American Jewish Historical Society, the “New Group” Theater and the Brooklyn Historical Society. In 2013 he received the "Virtuoso Award" from Concert Artists Guild, recognizing his philanthropic work on its behalf, and has since become chairman of that organization.
Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein is Jordan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, a post he held previously from 2000-2007. From 2007-2010 he was Jordan’s Ambassador to the United States of America. He also served as Jordan’s Deputy Permanent Representative at the UN, with the rank of Ambassador, from 1996-2000. In September 2002, Prince Zeid was elected the first president of the governing body of the International Criminal Court, at a time when the Court was only a plan on paper, with no officials or even an address to its name and, in three years, oversaw the Court’s growth to the point where it became a functioning institution. Prince Zeid was the first of two UN ambassadors to chair the Ad Hoc Committee on the Scope of Legal Protection under the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel. In 2004 he was chosen to chair the Panel of Experts for the UN Secretary General’s Trust Fund to Assist States in the Settlement of Disputes through the International Court of Justice, in the matter relating to the boundary dispute between Benin and Niger. Earlier in 2004, he was appointed by his government as Jordan’s representative, and head of delegation, before the International Court of Justice in the matter relating to the wall being built by Israel in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. He represented Jordan in the same capacity before the International Court of Justice in 2009 in the advisory proceedings relating to Kosovo's declaration of independence. In 2009, Prince Zeid was asked by the President of the Assembly of States Parties to the International Criminal Court to chair the closing stages of the negotiations on the “Crime of Aggression” – identified by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg as the "supreme international crime" – specifically with respect to its definition and the conditions for the Court’s exercise of jurisdiction over it, all of which was necessary for the crime to become operational under the Rome Statute. During a recent visit to Brandeis University, Prince Zeid delivered the Distinguished Lecture in International Justice and Human Rights, "Beyond Nuremberg: The Future of International Criminal Justice." His talk can be read or downloaded here [PDF].
Theodore C. Sorensen dedicated himself to serving the global community both as a public official and an international lawyer. For 11 years, he was policy advisor, legal counsel, and speech writer to John F. Kennedy. In those roles he helped to resolve the Cuban Missile Crisis, advance civil rights legislation, and influence the United States' decision to travel to the moon. He practiced international law for more than 36 years as a Senior Partner, and later Of Counsel, in the prominent U.S. law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP, New York. Former chairman of the firm's International Practice Committee, he represented U.S. and multinational corporations in negotiations with governments all over the world, and advised and assisted a large number of foreign governments and government leaders. Sorensen authored the 1965 book Kennedy as well as eight other books on the presidency, politics, or foreign policy. He participated in 10 of the last 14 Democratic Party National Conventions and was appointed by President Bill Clinton to the Board of the Central Asian-American Enterprise Fund (covering Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) and the Commission on White House Fellows. In 2002, Sorensen was a Fellow at the Institute of Politics in Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. In 2003, he gave the keynote address at the second Brandeis Institute for International Judges, held in Salzburg, Austria. A graduate of the University of Nebraska College of Law, he was a member of the bars of New York, Nebraska, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Supreme Court. His memoir, Counselor: A Life at the Edge of History, was published by HarperCollins in May 2008. In 2009 Sorensen was honored with the the National Humanities Medal, the highest national award in the humanities, as selected by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Theodore C. Sorensen passed away October 31, 2010. Read the Center's remembrance.