About the Project

Domestic Legal and Social Responses to Global Islamist Terrorism

Map of Homegrown Terrorism in EuropeIslamist extremism has proven a vexing problem in Western societies. The extremists glorify Osama Bin Laden, and proselytize for fundamentalist Islam, and insist that there can be no accommodation between Islam and democracy. Promoting terrorism, they pose a significant risk to domestic security. By funneling Western volunteers to fight in Islamist insurgencies, they also turn Western Muslims and converts to Islam into irregular combatants facing American and European troops abroad. Western extremists are now increasingly responsible for kidnappings and executions of Western diplomats, and civilians working as charity workers, contractors, or journalists abroad. Though few in number, they also have an outsized capacity to cause friction within Western democracies. They are a lightning rod for hostility to Muslims and stimulate Islamophobic perceptions of Muslims as a group. Researchers now blame them also for driving recruitment to far-right groups opposed to immigration in general, and to Muslims in particular.

Jytte Klausen's current work aims to facilitate informed debate about how to counter domestic Islamist extremism by providing an evidence-based analysis of how Al-Qaeda Islamist extremism took root in Western Europe and North America, and how it operates today.

Working with a small team of Brandeis graduate and undergraduate students, Klausen began in 2006 to develop a database of Western nationals associated with terrorist plots related to Al Qaeda. Combining different types of records, the Western Jihadism Project aims to facilitate archival and empirical study of the development and evolution of jihadist groups in Western democracies. The data collection was designed to enable the use of systematic social network analysis of the national and international communications structures deployed by Al Qaeda and ISIS to recruit Americans and other Westerners into a global network. Its activities include insurgencies in Muslim countries, terrorist strikes against Western targets, and the promotion and management of a militant politico-religious fringe movement.

In addition to the diversity of sources and data collection methods, the Western Jihadism Team utilizes an interdisciplinary approach hiring students from various department (Politics, Computer science, Sociology, Islamic Studies, and Economics).  This provides the project with a variety of perspectives on key issues and enhances the overall quality of the data. 

Articles About the Project and Our Students

wild

"The Call of the Wild"
By Laura Gardner
Brandeis Magazine
April 2015

Katy

"Tracking Jihadists, Point by Point"
By Laura Gardner
Brandeis Magazine
April 2015