Institute Information


BIIJ 2006
Institute Summary
Institute Report

For links to all institute summaries, reports, photos and more see the BIIJ homepage.

Brandeis Institute for International Judges 2006

Complementarity and Cooperation: Challenges for International Justice

3-6 January 2006

Dakar, Senegal


The International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life hosted its fourth Brandeis Institute for International Judges from 3 to 6 January 2006, assembling participants from nine international courts and commissions for four days of confidential dialogue and debate. The Institute was immediately followed by the West African Judicial Colloquium, which built upon the Institute by bringing together four international judges with high court judges from 12 West African nations to discuss interconnections between national and international judiciaries in the contemporary world. Both the Institute and the Colloquium took place in Dakar, Senegal. Funding for these two programs was generously provided by the JEHT Foundation, the Ford Foundation-West Africa, the Rice Family Foundation, and the David Berg Foundation.

The Institute was directed by Center board member Richard Goldstone, former chief prosecutor of the U.N. International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia and former justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, and by Linda Carter, professor of law at the University of the Pacific McGeorge School of Law.

Board member Hans Corell, former U.N. Under-Secretary General for Legal Affairs, gave the Institute's opening presentation, addressing the ways in which international courts can cooperate and complement each others' work. Claire L'Heureux Dubé, retired justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, further explored the interconnectedness of judicial systems by leading a discussion on the blending of civil law and common law practices within a single court, while Linda Carter discussed the role of alternative processes, such as the gacaca courts in Rwanda and the truth commission in Sierra Leone, in bringing about justice and reconciliation in post-conflict situations. Jane Hale, professor of French and Comparative Literature at Brandeis University, asked the participants to approach their work from the perspective of the humanities, drawing parallels between the interpretation of literature and the interpretation of law. Other session topics included the place of local cultures in an international legal order, the interplay between peace and justice, and a range of ethical issues confronting the international judiciary.

biij2006group

Participants in the 2006 Brandeis Institute for International Judges


Some of these questions were revisited the following week at the West African Judicial Colloquium, held from 9 to 11 January 2006 and organized around the theme of "Connecting International and National Justice." Organized through a partnership with the West African Research Center, the colloquium was directed by Richard Goldstone and Babacar Kante, professor of law at the Université Gaston Berger de St. Louis, Senegal.

Both the Brandeis Institute for International Judges and the West African Judicial Colloquium provided participants with a chance to share their expertise and learn from others in a spirit of open exchange and exploration. The conversations begun will no doubt continue well into the future, serving to enhance further cooperation and dialogue across courts, both domestic and international, and among those who serve on them. Such collaboration will ultimately contribute to the promotion of justice and human rights across the globe.

Participants and Organizers

Directors

  • Richard Goldstone, former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and former Chief Prosecutor of the ICTY (South Africa)
  • Linda Carter, Professor of Law and Director of the Criminal Justice Concentration at the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law (United States)

Presenters/Facilitators

  • Hans Corell, former Under-Secretary General for Legal Affairs, United Nations (Sweden)
  • Claire L'Heureux Dubé, retired Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (Canada)
  • Jane Alison Hale, Associate Professor of French and Chair of the Comparative Literature Program at Brandeis University (United States)
  • Chidi Anselm Odinkalu, Senior Legal Officer for the Africa Open Society Justice Initiative (Nigeria)
  • Gregory S. Weber, Professor of Law at the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law (United States)

Participants

African Commission for Human and Peoples’ Rights

  • Musa Ngary Bitaye (Gambia)
  • Reine Alapini Gansou (Benin)

Court of Justice of the European Communities

  • Egils Levits (Latvia)
  • Luís Miguel Pojares Pessoa Maduro (Portugal)

European Court of Human Rights

  • John Hedigan (Ireland)

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

  • Clare K. Roberts (Antigua)

International Criminal Court

  • Fatoumata Dembele Diarra (Mali)
  • Navanethem Pillay (South Africa)

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

  • Charles Michael Dennis Byron (St. Kitts & Nevis)
  • Andrésia Vaz (Senegal)

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

  • O-Gon Kwon (South Korea)
  • Theodor Meron (United States)
  • Florence Ndepele Mwachande Mumba (Zambia)
  • Fausto Pocar (Italy)

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

  • Tafsir Malick Ndiaye (Senegal)
  • Dolliver Nelson (Grenada)

Special Court for Sierra Leone

  • Arachchige Raja Nihal Fernando (Sri Lanka)

The following scholars and practitioners in Africa provided valuable input into the planning of BIIJ 2006:

  • Justice Emmanuel Ayoola, Special Court for Sierra Leone
  • Justice Richard Goldstone
  • Mr. Babacar Kante, Professor of International Law at l’Université Gaston Berger in St. Louis, Senegal, and Vice President of the Conseil Constitutionnel du Sénégal
  • Ms. Sanji Monageng, Commissioner of the African Commission for Human and People’s Rights, and Supreme Court of Justice of The Gambia
  • Mr. Bahame Nyanduga, Commissioner of the African Commission for Human and Peoples’ Rights
  • Mr. Chidi Anselm Odinkalu
  • Mr. Ahmedou Ould Abdallah, United Nations Special Envoy to West Africa
  • Ms. Amsa Sow Sidibe, Director of l’Institut des Droits de l’Homme et de la Paix and Professor of Law at l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar, Senegal
  • Mr. Alioune Tine, Secretary General of la Rencontre Africaine pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme (RADDHO) in Senegal
  • Judge Renate Winter, Special Court for Sierra Leone

Staff of the International Center for Ethics, Justice, and Public Life

  • Daniel Terris, director
  • Leigh Swigart, associate director
  • Christopher Moore, communications specialist


The Brandeis Institute for International Judges 2006 was funded by the JEHT Foundation, the David Berg Foundation and the Rice Family Foundation.

The West African Judicial Colloquium 2006 was funded by the JEHT Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Rice Family Foundation.