Brandeis Institute for International Judges (BIIJ) 2012
Coordination and Collaboration in Global Justice
3-7 January 2012
Seventeen judges from 12 courts and tribunals, including those that address criminal, human rights, and inter-state dispute matters were hosted by the Center at the historic Alcázar del Rey Don Pedro in Carmona, Spain for the eighth Brandeis Institute for International Judges (BIIJ). The BIIJ is the only such regular gathering of judges from international courts and tribunals across the globe.
Participants included members of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the European Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, and the International Court of Justice, among many others.
The theme of this year’s institute was “The International Rule of Law: Coordination and Collaboration in Global Justice.” Judges discussed issues critical to contemporary international justice, including conflicts and coordination among different jurisdictions, comparison of decision-making frameworks, power politics and its impact on the work of courts, the emergence of indigenous rights law, and the appropriate role of international judicial institutions in enhancing global justice.
A hallmark of the BIIJ is its exploration of ethical issues in the international judicial domain. In 2012, the focus was on pre- and post-judicial service considerations for international judges. Another session, led by Brandeis University Prof. Richard Gaskins, Director of the University’s Legal Studies Program, focused on the legacy of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, the namesake of Brandeis University.
One thread that ran throughout the institute discussions was the need for international justice institutions to join with both regional and domestic courts in the interest of establishing an international rule of law. Whether addressing the harmonization of jurisprudence across the globe, the need for courts to resist political pressure, or the role of international institutions in building judicial capacity in post-conflict societies, the coordination of efforts and the exercise of mutual respect among courts and judges from different spheres are paramount. BIIJ 2012 participants spoke openly of the challenges they face as agents of justice in a world where national interests and disregard for international institutions often complicate the critical mandates they have been given.
BIIJ 2012 was co-directed by Richard Goldstone, Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa (retired), and Linda Carter, Professor of the McGeorge School of Law at the University of the Pacific. Two Brandeis undergraduates, Alex Glomset ’14 and Ivan Ponieman ’14, had the opportunity to intern at BIIJ 2012, assisting in the documentation and smooth running of the institute. The BIIJ program is overseen by Dr. Leigh Swigart, the Center’s Director of Programs in International Justice and Society. Center Director Dan Terris is also a regular BIIJ participant.
The 2012 institute was supported by a generous grant from the Rice Family Foundation.
Reports on all BIIJ conferences can be accessed from the BIIJ homepage.
|THE Brandeis TEAM: Dan TErris, Ivan Ponieman ’14, Alex Glomset ’14, Leigh Swigart & Richard Gaskins (l-r)|
BIIJ 2012 Participants
African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights
- Sophie A.B. Akuffo, Vice-President (Ghana)
Caribbean Court of Justice
- Jacob Wit (The Netherlands)
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
- Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart (Poland)
European Court of Human Rights
- Nina Vajic (Croatia)
- John Hedigan (Ireland, currently with the High Court of Ireland)
European Court of Justice
- Konrad Schiemann (United Kingdom)
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
- Margarette Macaulay (Jamaica)
International Criminal Court
- Erkki Kourula (Finland)
- Sanji Mmasenono Monageng (Botswana)
International Court of Justice
- Hisashi Owada, President (Japan)
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
- Theodor Meron, President (United States)
- Fausto Pocar (Italy)
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
- Solomy Bossa (Uganda)
Special Court for Sierra Leone
- Emmanuel Ayoola, Vice-President (Nigeria)
- George Gelaga King (Sierra Leone)
World Trade Organization Appellate Body
- Jennifer Hillman (United States)
- David Unterhalter (South Africa)