For links to all institute summaries, reports, photos and more see the BIIJ homepage.
Thoughts from the undergraduate interns
Three undergraduate interns from Brandeis provided support throughout the Institute: Rida Abu Rass '14, Anastasia Austin '14 and Alex Glomset '14. Read their reflections on the experience.
Brandeis Institute for International Judges (BIIJ) 2013
The International Rule of Law in a Human Rights Era
28-31 July 2013
Sixteen judges from 13 international courts and tribunals attended the ninth Brandeis Institute for International Judges in late July 2013. The venue was Lund, Sweden, and the institute was organized in partnership with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law and the Lund University Faculty of Law.
Participants hailed from a wide range of judicial institutions, including those that address the violation of human rights by states in Europe, Africa, and the Americas, as well as those that resolve disputes among states at both the global and regional level. Many participants represented institutions that investigate and try individuals accused of international crimes, from the International Criminal Court to tribunals focused on crimes committed in Cambodia, Lebanon, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and the former Yugoslavia.
Sessions were held over four days around the overarching theme “The International Rule of Law in a Human Rights Era.” This theme was chosen because of the growing influence of human rights on legal thinking and practice, as well as on the work of international judges and their institutions.
The first session of the institute, led by International Court of Justice Judge Hisashi Owada (Japan) and International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia Judge Fausto Pocar (Italy), set the stage with an exploration of the expanding impact of human rights on international courts and tribunals.
Participants went on to examine a number of critical subjects in contemporary global justice through a wide-ranging set of sessions. These included: the role played by state engagement and diplomacy, led by Justice Richard Goldstone (South Africa) and Ambassador Carl-Henrik Ehrenkrona (Sweden); the impact of international human rights norms at the national level, led by European Court of Human Rights Judge Erik Møse (Norway) and International Criminal Court Judge Sanji Monageng (Botswana); an inquiry into the universality of human rights, led by Professor Emeritus of the Lund Faculty of Law Göran Melander (Sweden); and the future of international courts and tribunals, led by Judge Pocar and McGeorge School of Law Professor Linda Carter (USA).
Center Director Dan Terris and Director of Programs in International Justice and Society Leigh Swigart also led a session that explored in whose name international justice is enacted, given that it is disconnected from the usual systems of regulation, oversight, and accountability found in the national context. In that same vein, participants discussed the premise of Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al Hussein's 2013 distinguished lecture at Brandeis University, that international criminal justice falls short of satisfying victims although it often purports to speak in their name.
The institute ended with a public roundtable, held in nearby Malmö at the famous Turning Torso building. Participants discussed various aspects of the freedom of expression, including how it plays out in contemporary media, the connection of hate to the crime of hate speech, and the right of citizens not only to speak out but to have access to certain kinds of information. The event was attended by the larger legal and academic community of southern Sweden and northern Denmark.
"This has been one of the most stimulating professional experiences I have ever had," said Rowan Downing (Australia), a judge with the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. "Not only were the topics relevant to my work as an international judge, but meeting colleagues from a wide range of international courts and tribunals underscored how we all face common problems and challenges."
A full report of the proceedings of the institute is forthcoming. Reports on all BIIJ conferences can be accessed from the BIIJ homepage.Funding for BIIJ 2013 was provided by the Rice Family Foundation and the David Berg Foundation.
BIIJ 2013 Participants
- Justice Richard J. Goldstone, former Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda
- Professor Linda Carter, Pacific McGeorge School of Law
Brandeis University, International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life:
- Leigh Swigart, Ph.D., Director of Programs in International Justice and Society
- Daniel Terris, Ph.D., Center Director
- Rida Abu Rass '14, Intern
- Anastasia Austin '14, Intern
- Alex Glomset '14, Intern
Raoul Wallenberg Institute and Lund Faculty of Law:
- Rolf Ring, Deputy Director
- Göran Melander, founding Director and Emeritus Professor
- Ambassador Carl-Henrik Ehrenkrona
- Evgenia Pavlovskaia, Rapporteur
- Matthew Scott, Rapporteur
- Britta Sjöstedt, Rapporteur
African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights
- President Sophia Akuffo (Ghana)
Caribbean Court of Justice
- President Dennis Byron (St. Kitts)
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
- Judge Rowan Downing (Australia)
European Court of Human Rights
- Judge Erik Møse (Norway)
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
- President Diego García-Sayan (Peru)
International Criminal Court
- Vice-President Sanji Monageng (Botswana)
- Judge Howard Morrison (UK)
International Court of Justice
- Judge Hisashi Owada (Japan)
- Judge Dalveer Bhandari (India)
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
- President Vagn Joensen (Denmark)
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
- Vice-President Carmel Agius (Malta)
- Judge Fausto Pocar (Italy)
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
- Helmut Tuerk (Austria)
Special Court for Sierra Leone
- President Shireen Fisher (US)
Special Tribunal for Lebanon
- President David Baragwanath (New Zealand)
World Trade Organization Appellate Body
- Chair Ricardo Ramirez Hernández (Mexico)