Minor Requirements

Requirements for the Minor

Students are to take six required courses, configured this way:

A. Two core requirements (comprehensive course or project).

1. SOC 119a (Deconstructing War, Building Peace).

2. Either PAX 89a or 92a (Internship in Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies) or a senior honors thesis.

The internship consists of at least 10 hours a week in a social-change organization in the greater Boston area, elsewhere in the United States, or if the student is abroad, an appropriate equivalent. The intern is supervised by a PAX professor or staff person; keeps a daily journal; presents and does the reading of a bibliography on the topic of the internship and its larger framework; and writes a paper of 15 to 20 pages at the end of the internship.

The student is expected to meet weekly or biweekly with the supervisor and to e-mail weekly or biweekly if doing the work away from Brandeis. Internships are organized around, but not limited to, those we find through the Hiatt Career Center.

Internships in the sociology department (SOC 92a and SOC 89a) with a PAX focus will be evaluated for credit toward the PAX minor on a case-by-case basis.

The senior thesis is undertaken in the student's major, on a topic central to peace, conflict and coexistence studies. With the department's permission, a member of the PAX faculty committee will serve on and represent the PAX program on the thesis committee.

B. Two or more core electives: at least two courses (and up to four) from this list. Core electives must be taken in at least two different departments.

Core electives include courses that offer critical analyses of violence and nonviolence and that consider information, ideas and examples of productive ways of resisting violence and working toward peace and justice (what in the peace studies field is called "positive peace," as distinct from "negative peace," which is the absence of war but not of conditions that appear to lead to war).

These courses offer perspectives on major institutions and possible alternatives, explore some strategies for change, and encourage students to envision and work toward a world based more on positive peace than on negative peace or war.

C. Two related electives: No more than two courses from this list can count to meet requirements for the minor, and they must be taken in different departments.

These courses relate directly or indirectly to international, domestic, organizational, intergroup, interpersonal or personal conflict and also include consideration of perspectives that promote understanding, reconciliation and transformation. They need not focus on violence and nonviolence, positive peace, or encouraging students to envision positive peace. Students may apply courses from the "core electives" list that they have not taken to fulfill core requirements to this requirement.

D. Students are urged to take at least one course from a school other than social science to fulfill their PAX requirements.

E. Students may petition the PAX committee for special consideration of courses not listed here that the student wishes to propose as appropriate for her/his PAX minor.

Courses of Instruction:

To find out more information, please visit the course catalog.

PAX 89a Internship in Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies 
Mr. Fellman

PAX 92a Internship in Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies 
Usually offered every year.

PAX 97a Group Independent Study 
Ms. Cohen

PAX 98a Independent Study 

PAX 120b Inner Peace and Outer Peace 
Mr. Gould and Mr. Ungerleider

PAX Core Courses:

PAX 89a Internship in Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies 
Mr. Fellman

PAX 92a Internship in Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies 

SOC 119a Deconstructing War, Building Peace 
Mr. Fellman

PAX Core Elective Courses

ANTH 159a Museums and Public Memory 

CAST 150b Introduction to Creativity, the Arts, and Social Transformation 
Ms. Cohen

ENG 128a Alternative Worlds: Modern Utopian Texts 
Ms. Campbell

ENVS 15a Reason to Hope: Managing the Global Commons for Peace 
Mr. Tsipis

ENVS 18b International Environmental Conflict and Collaboration 
Mr. Chester

HSSP 102a Global Perspectives on Health 

LGLS 125b International Law and Organizations 

LGLS 130a Conflict Analysis and Intervention 
Ms. Stimell

PAX 120b Inner Peace and Outer Peace 
Mr. Gould and Mr. Ungerleider

PAX 140a Religion, Conflict & Peace
Mr. Steele

Pax 160a Stopping War; Analyzing Anti-War Movements 
Mr. Diener

PHIL 111a What Is Justice? 
Ms. Smiley

PHIL 119a Human Rights 
Mr. Teuber

Pol 127a Ending Deadly Conflict
Mr. Burg

POL 127b Seminar: Managing Ethnic Conflict 
Mr. Burg

POL 128a The Politics of Revolution: State Violence and Popular Insurgency in the Third World 
Mr. Thaxton

Pol 132a Religion, Nationalism, & Violence in Comparative Perspective

SOC 112b Social Class and Social Change 
Mr. Fellman

SOC 153a The Sociology of Empowerment 
Mr. Fellman

WMGS 5a Women, Genders, and Sexualities 
Ms. Fox, Ms. Freeze, Ms. Lanser, or Ms. Singh

Elective Courses:

AAAS 60a Economics of Third World Hunger 
Mr. Nyangoni

AAAS 80a Economy and Society in Africa 
Mr. Nyangoni

AAAS 123a Third World Ideologies 
Mr. Nyangoni

AAAS 126b Political Economy of the Third World 
Mr. Nyangoni

AMST 45b Violence (and Nonviolence) in American Culture 
Mr. Cohen

ANTH 129b Global, Transnational, and Diasporic Communities 
Mr. Anjaria, Ms. Ferry or Ms. Lamb

ANTH 136a Archaeology of Power: Authority, Prestige, and Inequality in the Past 
Mr. Golden

ANTH 139b Language, Ethnicity, and Nationalism 
Ms. McIntosh

ANTH 156a Power and Violence: The Anthropology of Political Systems 
Ms. Ferry

BIOL 17b Conservation Biology 
Ms. Hitchcock

BUS 170a Business in the Global Economy 
Mr. Lopez

COML 165a Reading, Writing, and Teaching across Cultures 
Ms. Hale

ECON 57a Environmental Economics 
Ms. Bui

ECON 175a Introduction to the Economics of Development 
Ms. Menon

ED 158b Looking with the Learner: Practice and Inquiry 
Ms. Miller

ED 159b Philosophy of Education 
Mr. Levisohn

FREN 137a Literary Responses to Mass Violence 

HIST 139b Fascism East and West 
Mr. Pieragastini

LGLS 124b International Law and Development 

NEJS 137a The Destruction of European Jewry 
Mr. Polonsky

NEJS 189a The Arab-Israeli Conflict 

POL 15a Introduction to International Relations 
Mr. Art or Mr. Chase

POL 144a Latin American Politics I 
Mr. Hindley

POL 144b Latin American Politics II 
Mr. Hindley

SOC 157a Sociology of the Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation 
Mr. Fellman