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One Land, Two Peoples:

Sixty Years since the 1947 U.N. Partition
Plan for Palestine

December 1-2, 2007

The Crown Center for Middle East Studies and
The Schusterman Center for Israel Studies

Sixty years after the U.N. decision of November 29, 1947, the question of partitioning Palestine remains unresolved. This symposium explored the Jewish and Arab debates on partition in the 1930s and 40s, reflected on the history of partitions as a way of resolving multi-ethnic and multi-national conflicts worldwide, and examined the relevance of this issue in today’s discourse among Israelis and Palestinians.

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December 1, 2007: Greetings

Jehuda Reinharz  Shai Feldman  Ilan Troen

Jehuda Reinharz, President, Brandeis University

S. Ilan Troen, Director, Schusterman Center for Israel Studies, Brandeis University

Shai Feldman, Judith and Sidney Swartz Director, Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University

Session I - The Zionist Debates on Partition

 Donna Robinson Divine Itzhak Galnoor, Colin Shindler Colin Shindler

Chair: Donna Robinson Divine, Smith College
Colin Shindler, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
Itzhak Galnoor, Hebrew University of Jerusalem 

December 2, 2007 - Greetings

Marty Wyngaarden Krauss  Speakers  Audience

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Marty Wyngaarden Krauss, Provost, Brandeis University

Session II - The Arab Debates on Partition

Muhammad Muslih Yousef T. Jabareen  Joseph Lumbard

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Chair: Joseph Lumbard, Brandeis University

Yousef T. Jabareen, Haifa University
Muhammad Muslih, Long Island University

Session III - Comparative Perspectives on Partition to Resolve Multi-Ethnic, Multi-National Conflicts

Steven Burg Mari Fitzduff Chaim Kaufmann

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Chair: Steven Burg, Brandeis University

Mari Fitzduff
, Brandeis University
Chaim Kaufmann, Lehigh University
Session IV - The Jewish-Arab Dimension inside Israel

Avigdor Levy, Asher Susser, As'ad Ghanem Asher Susser, As'ad Ghanem Asher Susser, As'ad Ghanem

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Chair: Avigdor Levy, Brandeis University

As’ad Ghanem, Haifa University
Asher Susser, Tel Aviv University and the Crown Center

Session V - The Current Debate: Is Partition Still Relevant?

Shlomo Avineri Khalil Shikaki Shlomo Avineri, Khalil Shikaki

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Chair: Asher Susser, Tel Aviv University and the Crown Center

Shlomo Avineri, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Khalil Shikaki, The Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research and the Crown Center

Concluding Remarks

Ilan Troen Ilan Troen, Shai Feldman Ilan Troen, Shai Feldman, Khalil Shikaki

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S. Ilan Troen, Director, Schusterman Center for Israel Studies, Brandeis University

About the Speakers

Shlomo Avineri is a professor of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, served as Director-General of Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the first government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. He has held visiting appointments at universities across the United States and Europe, and has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.  In 1996 he received the Israel Prize, the country's highest civilian decoration. A prolific author, his most recent book is an intellectual biography of Theodore Herzl.

Shai Feldman is the Judith and Sidney Swartz Director of the Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University. Feldman served from 1997–2005 as head of the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University. He also serves on the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London and as a member of the board of directors of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. The author of numerous publications, his most recent book Track-II Diplomacy: Lessons from the Middle East was coauthored with Hussein Agha, Ahmad Khalidi, and Ze’ev Schiff.

Mari Fitzduff is a professor and the director of the Master’s Program in Coexistence and Conflict at Brandeis University. From 1990-1997 she was the first chief executive of the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council. More recently she served as director of UNU/INCORE, a United Nations University center where she was chair of conflict studies. Her many publications include Community Conflict Skills; Beyond Violence: Conflict Resolution Processes in Northern Ireland; and NGO’s at the Table with Cheyanne Church. She is coeditor of a 3-volume series The Psychology of War, Conflict Resolution and Peace.

Itzhak Galnoor is the Herbert Samuel Professor of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has been a visiting professor at universities across Europe, North America and the Far East.  He has served on the Executive Committee of the International Political Science Association, and edited Advances in Political Science and the IPSA book series.  In March 2007 he was appointed deputy chair of the Israeli Council of Higher Education. He has written many articles and several books, among them The Partition of Palestine: Decision Crossroads in the Zionist Movement and The Israeli Political System forthcoming in 2008.

As’ad Ghanem is a senior lecturer and the head of the Department of Government and Political Philosophy, and a member of the Jewish-Arab Center at the University of Haifa.  He heads the board of the Ibn-Khaldun Association in Tamra and the board of the Civic Forum in Ramallah.  Ghanem’s work has explored the legal, institutional, and political conditions in ethnic states. He has authored and edited numerous articles and books, among them Identities and Politics in Israel; Israel: The Strategic Report; and The Arab Municipalities in Israel at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century: Difficulties and Challenges.

Yousef T. Jabareen teaches law at the University of Haifa and Tel Aviv University and is founder and director of the Arab Center for Law and Policy based in Nazareth. He is a human rights scholar, lawyer, and community activist, and is director of the Equality for Arab Citizens of Israel project and staff attorney for the Association for Civil Rights in Israel.  Among many other publications, he is the author of  “Law, Minority and Transformation: A Critique and Rethinking of Civil Rights Doctrines” in the Santa Clara Law Review and the forthcoming Constitution Building in Deeply-Divided Societies: The Case of the Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel.

Chaim Kaufman is an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Lehigh University. Since 1996 he has served on the editorial board of Security Studies.  A prolific author of many articles and books, his most recent publications include “An Assessment of the Partition of Cyprus,” in International Studies Perspectives; “What We Have Learned about Ethnic Conflict,” in Harvard International Review; “Living Together after Ethnic Killing: In Theory, in History, and in Iraq Today,” in Living Together after Ethnic Killing: Exploring the Chaim Kaufman Argument.

Muhammad Muslih is a professor of Political Science at Long Island University.  He has authored and coauthored numerous articles and books, including The Origins of Palestinian Nationalism; Toward Coexistence: An Analysis of the Resolutions of the Palestinian National Council and The Golan: The Road to Occupation. He coedited The Origins of Arab Nationalism with Rashid Khalidi, Lisa Anderson, and Reeva Simon.

Khalil Shikaki is a senior fellow at the Crown Center, and has directed the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research in Ramallah since 2000 and has conducted more than one hundred polls among Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip since 1993.  A world-renowned expert on Palestinian public opinion and a widely published author, he has taught at several institutions, including Birzeit University, An-Najah National University, the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and the University of South Florida. He also was a visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. in 2002.

Colin Shindler is a reader in Israeli and Modern Jewish Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He was editor of the Jewish Quarterly (1985-1994) and of Judaism Today (1995-2001). His most recent books are The Triumph of Military Zionism: Nationalism and the Origins of the Israeli Right and What do Zionists Believe? Cambridge University Press will be publishing his History of Modern Israel in 2008 to commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of the founding of the state.

Asher Susser is senior fellow on the Myra and Robert Kraft Chair in Arab Politics at Brandeis University. Susser was director of the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel Aviv University from 1989-1995 and from 2001–2007. One of Israel’s leading experts on Jordan and the Palestinians, Susser was the only Israeli academic invited by Prime Minister Rabin to join him and King Hussein at their historic appearance before the U.S. Congress. His most recent publications include Jordan: Case Study of a Pivotal State and The Middle East: The Impact of Generational Change.

S. Ilan Troen is the Karl, Harry, and Helen Stoll Chair in Israel Studies and director of the Schusterman Center for Israel Studies at Brandeis University. Formerly he served as director of the Ben-Gurion Research Institute and Archives in Sede Boker, Israel. He is the founding editor of Israel Studies, an international journal sponsored by Brandeis University and Ben-Gurion University. He has authored or edited 11 books in American, Jewish, and Israeli history including, most recently, Imagining Zion: Dreams, Designs and Realities in a Century of Jewish Settlement and, with Jacob Lassner, Jews and Muslims in the Arab World: Haunted by Pasts Real and Imagined.

Symposium Sponsors

The Schusterman Center for Israel Studies is dedicated to promoting exemplary teaching and scholarship in Israeli history, politics, culture, and society at Brandeis University and beyond. The Center is committed to advancing knowledge and understanding of the modern State of Israel by training a new generation of scholars and teachers, building a vibrant academic community, and supporting research, publications, and conferences. It seeks to make Brandeis a hub for nurturing and catalyzing Israel Studies.

The Crown Center for Middle East Studies
is committed to producing balanced and dispassionate research regarding all aspects of the contemporary Middle East. The Center’s research focus extends well beyond Arab-Israeli tensions to include Arab politics, Islamic studies, economic, social, and cultural developments, and regional security and arms control. Research activities of the Center include an array of seminars, conferences, and publications, the flagships of which are the Center’s Middle East Briefs and Crown Papers.