National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy
(Public Law 110-161, Division G, Title II, Section 218 - Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008)
All peer reviewed articles arising from NIH funds are required to be submitted to PubMed Central for public access. You are affected by this law if your peer-reviewed article meets one or more of the following criteria:
1. Work is directly funded by an NIH grant or cooperative agreement active in federal Fiscal Year 2008 (Oct. 1, 2007 - Sept. 30, 2008).
2. Work is directly funded by the NIH Intramural Program.
3. If the NIH pays your salary.
4. Work is directly funded by a contract signed on or after April 7, 2008.
Citing PubMed Central ID Numbers
Additional Resources and Information
Under the new National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy, effective April 7, 2008, authors and investigators must ensure that an electronic copy of the final, peer-reviewed manuscript arising from NIH funded work and accepted for publication is deposited in PubMed Central. The full text of the article will become freely available to the public within 12 months of the formal publication.
This requirement applies to any NIH direct funding, including grants, contracts, training grants, subcontracts, etc.
In addition, as of May 25, 2008 anyone submitting an application, proposal, or progress report to NIH with a due date of May 25, 2008 or later must include the PMC or NIH Manuscript Submission Reference Number when citing applicable articles that arise from their NIH-funded research.
Compliance with this new regulation requires:
1. Appropriate copyright agreement with publishers
2. Manuscript submission to PubMed Central (PMC)
3. Citing PMC or NIH identification numbers in grant reports and proposals.
Brandeis authors and investigators must simultaneously comply with the NIH policy and with copyright law. To do so, authors should work with the publisher before any rights are transferred and should avoid signing any agreements with publishers that do not allow the author to comply with the NIH Public Access Policy. Additionally, Brandeis University downloads from PubMed Central the Brandeis-authored articles, once they are made public, for inclusion in the University's Institutional Repository. Therefore, Brandeis authors and investigators also should retain the right to deposit a copy in the repository.
To comply, either complete the attached letter and submit it with your manuscript or add the following wording to the publisher's agreement:
The journal acknowledges that Author retains the right to provide a copy of the final manuscript to the NIH upon acceptance for Journal publication, for public archiving in PubMed Central as soon as possible but no later than 12 months after publication by Journal. In addition, the journal acknowledges that the Author retains the right to include a copy of the final manuscript in his/her institution's repository.
There are several options for manuscript submission:
1. Use the NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) system to submit the manuscript. Detailed instructions and tutorials are available.
What: Submit an electronic version of the final, peer-reviewed manuscript, including all graphics and supplemental material associated with the article.
When: Upon acceptance for publication.
Where: NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) system
2. Publish with a journal that participates in the PubMed Central automatic transfer of published articles to the repository. See NIH Journals That Submit Articles to PubMed Central (PMC) for the current list of participating journals.
3. Use the Scholar's Copyright Addendum Engine to generate a delayed access addendum to the publication contract. This legal instrument acknowledges prior grants such as the NIH public access policy and provides you with other rights. Clause 4.2 of this addendum authorize inclusion of the final version of the publication in the Brandeis institutional repository.
Some publishers that are not participants in the automatic transfer program may charge a fee for depositing your article in PubMed Central. You are not required to pay any fees. Instead, use the direct NIH manuscript submission system.
As of May 25, 2008, NIH applications, proposals, and progress reports must include the PubMed Central reference number when citing an article that falls under the policy and is authored or co-authored by the investigator, or arose from the investigator's NIH award. This policy includes applications submitted to the NIH for the May 25, 2008 due date and subsequent due dates.
When you submit a manuscript to NIH, you receive a NIHMS ID number. Once the article is available in PubMed Central, it is assigned a PMC ID number. Search PubMed Central to find the number (Do not search PubMed for this information nor include the PMID number.)Additional Resources and Information NIH Public Access Policy
Journals That Submit Articles to PubMed Central
Manuscript Submission Information
Brandeis Institutional Repository
SHERPA/ROMEO - opening access to research (find permissions normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement)
SPARC, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
SPARC Resources on the NIH Policy
Links to copyright information