Past Winners

 

45th (2015)

"in recognition of his pioneering discoveries of molecular pathways and biological functions of protein degradation by autophagy"

Yoshinori Ohsumi
(2016 Nobel Prize)
Professor

Frontier Research Center

Tokyo Institute of Technology
Tokyo, Japan

45th Presentation Ceremony program

44th (2014)

"in recognition of his pioneering work in elucidating the mechanisms of genome rearrangements in immune and cancer cells"

Frederick Alt
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Director, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Boston Children's Hospital
Charles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics
Professor of Genetics

Harvard Medical School

Boston, MA USA

44th Presentation Ceremony program

43rd (2013)

"in recognition of their invention of multiphoton fluorescence microscopy and its application to illuminating the function of brain microcircuits"

Winfried Denk
Director, Department of Biomedical Optics, Max-Planck Institute for Medical Research
Professor of Physics
University of Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany

David Tank
Henry L. Hillman Professor in Molecular Biology
Co-Director, Princeton Neuroscience Institute
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ USA

Watt W. Webb
Professor of Applied Physics (emeritus)
S.B. Eckert Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (emeritus)
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY USA

43rd Presentation Ceremony program

42nd (2012)

"for elucidating how eukaryotic cells sense and respond to DNA damage"

Stephen J. Elledge
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Senior Geneticist, Brigham and Womens Hospital
Gregor Mendel Professor of Genetics
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Boston, MA USA


41st (2011)

"for his transformative studies of the control of protein synthesis in mammalian cells"

Nahum Sonenberg
James McGill Professor
Department of Biochemistry
Rosalind and Morris Goodman Cancer Research Centre
McGill University
Montreal, Canada

41st Presentation Ceremony program

40th (2010)

"for their discovery that histones and histone acetylation directly regulate transcription"

C. David Allis
Tri-Institutional Professor
Joy and Jack Fishman Professor
Laboratory of Chromatin Biology and Epigenetics
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA

Michael Grunstein
Distinguished Professor, Biological Chemistry
Department of Biological Chemistry
The University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA USA

40th Presentation Ceremony program

39th (2009)

"for elucidating the mechanisms of innate immunity"

Jules Hoffman
(2011 Nobel Prize)
Professor and Distinguished Class Research Director
Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, CNRS
University Louis Pasteur
Strasbourg, France

Ruslan Medzhitov
David W. Wallace Professor of Immunobiology
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, CT USA


38th (2008)

"for their pioneering work in the field of stem cell research"

John Gurdon
(2012 Nobel Prize)
Professor, Department of Zoology
Gurdon Institute
University of Cambridge
Cambridge, England

Irving Weissman
Professor of Pathology and Developmental Biology
Director, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine Institute
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, CA USA

Shinya Yamanaka
(2012 Nobel Prize)
Professor, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences
Kyoto University
Kyoto, Japan
Senior Investigator, Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease
Professor of Anatomy
The University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA


37th (2007)

"for their pioneering work in the field of protein-mediated protein folding"

F.-Ulrich Hartl
Director
Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry
Martinsried, Germany

Arthur L. Horwich
Eugene Higgins Professor of Genetics and Pediatrics
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, CT USA


36th (2006)

"for their pioneering work on epigenetic gene regulation in mammalian embryos"

Mary Lyon
Mammalian Genetics Unit
MRC Harwell
Oxfordshire, England

Davor Solter
Department Head and Director
Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology
Freiburg, Germany

Azim Surani
Marshall-Walton Professor
Gurdon Institute
University of Cambridge
Cambridge, England


35th (2005)

"for their pioneering development of powerful new tools that allow the direct visualization of molecules in living cells"

Martin Chalfie
(2008 Nobel Prize)
William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Biological Sciences
Columbia University
New York, NY USA

Roger Y. Tsien
(2008 Nobel Prize)
Professor of Pharmacology and Chemistry & Biochemistry
The University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, CA USA


34th (2004)

"for their pioneering achievements in the discovery of gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"

Andrew Z. Fire
(2006 Nobel Prize)
Professor of Pathology and Genetics
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, CA USA

Craig C. Mello
(2006 Nobel Prize)
Assistant Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Professor, Program in Molecular Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, MA USA

Victor Ambros
Professor of Genetics
Dartmouth Medical School
Hanover, NH USA

Gary Ruvkun
Professor of Genetics
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, MA USA


33rd (2003)

"for their pioneering achievements in the ethology and neurology of birdsong"

Masakzu Konishi
Bing Professor of Behavioral Biology
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA USA

Peter R. Marler
Professor (emeritus)
Animal Communication Laboratory
The University of California, Davis
Davis, CA USA

Fernando Nottebohm
Dorothea L. Leonhardt Professor
Head, Laboratory of Animal Behavior
Director, Field Research Center
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA


32nd (2002)

"for his pioneering achievements in yeast genetics and cell biology"

Ira Herskowitz
Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics and
Codirector, Program in Human Genetics
The University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA


31st (2001)

"for her work in establishing a sub-field of molecular biology concerning small nuclear ribonucleoproteins"

Joan A. Steitz
Sterling Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Yale University
New Haven, CT USA


30th (2000)

"for their discovery that peptide bond formation on the ribosome is catalyzed exclusively by ribosomal RNA"

Peter B. Moore
Eugene Higgins Professor of Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry
Yale University
New Haven, CT USA

Harry F. Noller, Jr.
Robert L. Sinsheimer Professor of Molecular Biology
The University of California, Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, CA USA

Thomas A. Steitz
(2009 Nobel Prize)
Eugene Higgins Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, and Chemistry
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Yale University
New Haven, CT USA


29th (1999)

"for his research into the molecular foundations of electrical signal generation in neurons and other types of cells"

Roderick MacKinnon
(2003 Nobel Prize)
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Professor of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA


28th (1998)

"for their outstanding work on the maintenance of telomeres"

Elizabeth Blackburn
(2009 Nobel Prize)
Professor of Microbiology and Immunology
The University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA

Carol Greider
(2009 Nobel Prize)
Associate Professor of Molecular Biology and Genetics
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, MD USA


27th (1997)

"for their pioneering studies of cell lineage in the nematode worm"

H. Robert Horvitz
(2002 Nobel Prize)
Professor of Biology
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA USA

John E. Sulston
(2002 Nobel Prize)
Director, The Sanger Centre
Wellcome Trust Genome Campus
Hinxton, England


26th (1996)

"for establishing the molecular basis of the senses of smell and hearing"

Richard Axel
(2004 Nobel Prize)
Higgins Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
Professor of Pathology
Investigator, Howard Hughes
Medical Institute
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University School of Medicine
New York, NY USA

Linda B. Buck
(2004 Nobel Prize)
Associate Professor of Neurobiology
Assistant Investigator, Howard Hughes
Medical Institute
Harvard Medical School
Boston, MA USA

A. James Hudspeth
Professor and Head, Laboratory of
Sensory Science
Investigator, Howard Hughes
Medical Institute
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA


25th (1995)

"for their fundamental contributions to our understanding of molecular motors"

Thomas D. Pollard
Halstead Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, MD USA

James A. Spudich
Professor of Biochemistry and Developmental Biology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, CA USA


24th (1994)

"for their outstanding work on eukaryotic transcription regulation"

Robert Roeder
Professor and Head, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA

Robert Tijan
Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
The University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA


23rd (1993)

"for determining the components of the secretory pathway"

James E. Rothman
(2013 Nobel Prize)
Chair, Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics Program
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, NY USA

Randy Schekman
(2013 Nobel Prize)
Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
The University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA


22nd (1992)

"for establishing the details of the control of eukaryotic cell cycle"

Paul Nurse, F.R.S.
(2001 Nobel Prize)
Napier Royal Society Professor of Biochemistry
University of Oxford
Oxford, England

Leland H. Hartwell
(2001 Nobel Prize)
Professor, Department of Genetics
University of Washington
Seattle, WA USA


21st (1991)

"for creating the methods by which variations in the human genome can be detected and analyzed"

David Botstein
Chairman, Department of Genetics
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, CA USA

Raymond L. White
Professor of Human Genetics
Investigator, Howard Hughes
Medical Institute
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, UT USA

Ronald W. Davis
Professor of Biochemistry and Genetics
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford CA, USA


20th (1990)

"for determining the first structure of an integral membrane protein"

Richard Henderson, F.R.S.
Research Staff, Structural Studies Division
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Cambridge, England

Peter Nigel Tripp Unwin, F.R.S.
Research Staff, Division of Neurobiology
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Cambridge, England


19th (1989)

"for pioneering studies of eukaryotic development"

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(1995 Nobel Prize)
Director, Max-Planck-Institut für Entwicklungsbiologie
Tübingen, Germany

Edward B. Lewis
(1995 Nobel Prize)
Thomas Hunt Morgan Professor of Biology (emeritus)
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA USA


18th (1988)

"for discovering RNA catalysis"

Sidney Altman
(1989 Nobel Prize)
Dean of Yale College
Professor of Biology
Yale University
New Haven, CT USA

Thomas R. Cech
(1989 Nobel Prize)

American Cancer Society Professor
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO USA


17th (1987)

"for his innovations in light microscopy"

Shinya Inoué
Distinguished Scientist
Marine Biological Laboratory
Woods Hole, MA USA


16th (1986)

"for his outstanding work on enzyme function"

Harland G. Wood
University Professor in Biochemistry (emeritus)
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH USA


15th (1985)

"for founding modern eukaryotic genetics"

Seymour Benzer
James Griffin Boswell Professor of Neuroscience
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA USA

Sydney Brenner
(2002 Nobel Prize)

Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Medical Council Research Centre
University Medical School
Cambridge, England


14th (1984)

"for their seminal work on development"

Donald D. Brown
Adjunct Professor of Biology and Embryology
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD USA
Staff Member, Department of Embryology
Carnegie Institute of Washington
Cold Spring Harbor, NY USA

Robert L. Letsinger
Professor of Chemistry
Northwestern University
Evanston, IL USA


13th (1983)

"for pioneering contributions to sensory transduction"

Eric R. Kandel
(2000 Nobel Prize)
University Professor
College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University
New York, NY USA

Daniel E. Koshland, Jr.
Professor of Biochemistry
The University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA


12th (1982)

Keith R. Porter
Professor of Cell Biology
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO USA

Alexander Rich
William Thompson Sedgwick Professor of Biophysics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA USA


11th (1981)

Stanley Cohen
(1986 Nobel Prize)

Professor of Biochemistry
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, TN USA

Rita Levi-Montalcini
(1986 Nobel Prize)
Laboratorio di Biologia Cellulare
Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche
Rome, Italy

Gordon H. Sato
Professor of Biology
The University of California, San Diego
San Diego, CA USA


10th (1980)

Elias J. Corey
(1990 Nobel Prize)
Sheldon Emery Professor of Chemistry
Harvard University
Cambridge, MA USA

Bengt I. Samuelsson
(1982 Nobel Prize)

Dean of Medical Faculty
Kaolinska Institutet
Stockholm, Sweden

Frank H. Westheimer
Morris Loeb Professor of Chemistry
Harvard University
Cambridge, MA USA


9th (1979)

Howard Green
Professor of Cell Biology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA USA

Beatrice Mintz
Senior Member
The Institute for Cancer Research
The Fox Chase Center
Philadelphia, PA USA


8th (1978)

César Milstein
(1984 Nobel Prize)
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Cambridge, England


7th (1977)

Barbara McClintock
(1983 Nobel Prize)

Distinguished Service Member
Carnegie Institution of Washington
Cold Spring Harbor, NY USA


6th (1976)

Peter D. Mitchell
(1978 Nobel Prize)

Glynn Research Laboratories
Bodmin, Cornwall, England


5th (1975)

Bruce Ames
Professor of Biochemistry
The University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA

James A. and Elizabeth C. Miller
Professor of Oncology
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI USA


4th (1974)

Arthur B. Pardee
Donner Professor of Science and
Professor of Biochemistry and Biology
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ USA

H. Edwin Umbarger
Wright Distinguished Professor of Biological Sciences
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN USA


3rd (1973)

H. Ronald Kaback
Member
Roche Institute of Molecular Biology
Nutley, NJ USA
Rosenstiel Visiting Scholar

Saul Roseman
Professor, Department of Biology
McCollum-Pratt Institute
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD USA


2nd (1972)

Boris Ephrussi
Honorary Director
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire, CNRS
Gif-sur-Yvette, France


1st (1971)

David H. Hubel
(1981 Nobel Prize)
George Packer Berry Professor of Neurobiology
Harvard Medical School
Boston, MA USA

Torsten N. Wiesel
(1981 Nobel Prize)

Professor of Neurobiology
Harvard Medical School
Boston, MA USA