Options also exist within the allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO) medical education to gain training in complementary and alternative medicine techniques, which are described here.

Naturopathic Medicine

The Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges (AANMC) describes naturopathic medical practice as "dedicated to the study and celebration of nature’s healing powers. It is as old as healing itself and as new as today’s medical breakthroughs. It is a dynamic philosophy as well as a profession that recognizes the interconnection and interdependence of all living things. It utilizes the most natural, least invasive and least toxic therapies to treat illness and to promote wellness by viewing the body as an integrated whole. Naturopathic medicine is defined by principles rather than by methods or modalities. Above all, it honors the body’s innate wisdom to heal."

Naturopathic medical school graduates earn an ND degree, and are licensed to practice in fourteen states.