Conclusions: Tips in Brief

A conclusion should bring something new to your topic. What are the broader implications of your argument? General tips for writing good conclusions:

  1. Restate the thesis in different language from the introduction.
  2. Reintroduce an anecdote, quotation or observation from the introduction as a way to bookend the essay.
  3. The last sentence should leave the reader with something to ponder that extends beyond the specifics of your paper. Look at the larger themes of your essay as a way to think about a broader claim you might make.

General Rules

  1. Never begin a conclusion with the phrase “In conclusion.”
  2. Don’t provide a grocery list of what you discussed in your paper, e.g., “First, this evidence showed X. Second, this evidence showed Y.”