Semicolon Rules

Use a semicolon when you link two related independent clauses with no connecting words, e.g.:

If you add connecting words like “and,” you need a comma, e.g.:

You can also use a semicolon when you join two independent clauses together with one of the following conjunctive adverbs (adverbs that join independent clauses): however, moreover, therefore, consequently, otherwise, nevertheless, thus, etc. For example:

You can also write two sentences if you use a conjunctive adverb and eliminate the semicolon altogether, e.g.: