Chapters and Handouts
- Integrating Sources (Hacker, Diana & Nancy Sommers, Rules for Writers, 8th ed.)
Offers helpful advice on topics like summarizing and paraphrasing, using quotes, using signal phrases, and synthesizing sources.
- Active Verbs for Discussing Ideas Handout (DOCX | PDF)
- Agreeing, Disagreeing, and Standing Your Ground (DOCX | PDF)
- Eight Ways of Using Sources (DOCX | PDF)
- Incorporating Sources (DOCX | PDF)
- Phrases for Introducing Sources and Quotations (DOCX | PDF)
- Research Paragraph Analysis (DOCX | PDF)
- Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting (DOCX | PDF)
- They Say/I Say (DOCX | PDF)
- What to Do with Sources (excerpt from Writing Analytically)
Published by the Harvard College Writing Program, this guide's section on integrating sources offers instruction on the relationship between sources and the assignment, a source's role in the paper, choosing relevant parts of a source, summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting, and the practicalities of integrating. Highly recommended for use in a UWS.
This handout from the Purdue OWL offers helpful differentiation between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing along with tips on when to use each.