Anthropology Department statement of BLM solidarity and commitments

June 10, 2020

We, the Brandeis University Department of Anthropology faculty, graduate students and staff, in no uncertain terms condemn the state-sanctioned murders of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, Tony McDade, and the countless others who have been killed by police. We collectively, vehemently affirm that Black lives matter. These words are important. They are necessary to say, acknowledge, and hold space for amid a contentious present in which Black life is persistently devalued, targeted, and oppressed. We write this statement between two pandemics; anti-Black racism and Covid-19, fully aware that Black Americans will continue to bear an unequal burden of both. We acknowledge the weight of this inequality; we also stand in solidarity with the protests happening across the United States and around the world.

We maintain that the fight for Black lives and the work of disassembling systems of white supremacy are interwoven with issues of immigrant, indigenous, environmental, economic, trans, and disability rights. As anthropologists, we have staked our lives and our careers on studying, theorizing, and critiquing the myriad forms of inequality that have come to disproportionately affect the lives of Black people in this country and globally. Our passion for this work fuels and energizes our department, but also warrants critical reflection in these uncertain times. Amid these twinned pandemics, we continue to ask what are our responsibilities as anthropologists, scholars, and people? And to put it more starkly, what debts does our chosen discipline owe to Black lives?

It is no secret that anthropology has had a complicit and active role in imperial projects, military occupation, and the production and dissemination of racist ideologies.  That history is evident even in some of our most prized and beloved texts, from the uncritical usages of words like “savage” and “primitive” in earlier works to the absence of Black anthropologists in major debates, references, footnotes and citations. Thus, anthropology’s vexed relationship to Black life and Black thought is perhaps not a mere coincidence, but rather a foundational problem for anthropology. To paraphrase Black anthropologists Jafari Allen and Ryan Jobson, from its founding moments, Black people have troubled anthropology’s “search for an unblemished object of study—a pristine native” that could be juxtaposed to modern, rational, Western man. This foundational erasure signals both the unpursued intellectual challenges of engaging with Black people and the afterlives of centuries of “colonial domination and global capitalist proliferation,” that are ever present in our discipline. [1] 

And despite decades of reflexivity, spirited debates about the manifestations of race as structure, and newly adopted languages of diversity, equality, and inclusion, problems persist. While the lives of Black people within the United States and the larger diaspora have been valuable to the careers of prominent anthropological scholars, Black lives in their fullness, complexity, and fecundity have been less central to the discipline and its canon. From Anténor Firmin to John Wesley Gilbert to Zora Neale Hurston, the contributions of early Black anthropologists have often been overlooked in anthropological teaching and scholarship. As the Open Syllabus project suggests, in the top 1000 texts taught across 41,000 anthropology syllabi, only nine texts were authored by Black scholars.[2] This jarring fact is a stark reminder that though we have cultivated sophisticated skill sets for deconstructing race and talking about its structures, that scholarly power is overshadowed by race’s “lethal social reality;”[3] its material manifestations. 

As anthropologists, it is our responsibility to engage with not just the intellectual stakes of racism but also its material realities. We commit ourselves to taking up that responsibility in our teaching and conversations as a department and to question who we cite and why, what we assign to our students, and who we engage with as a department and a community. We know our work has been far from perfect, so going forward, we also commit ourselves to actively listening to critiques and challenges to our programming, curricula, and pedagogy and to implement the necessary changes to resolve those challenges and make our work more just, inclusive, and equitable. We also recognize that the work of racial justice cannot simply rely on the production of academic knowledge. Therefore, we firmly believe that we must also critically engage, unpack, and divest ourselves of white supremacy and anti-Blackness in our work, in our conversations, and in the larger institutional life of our department and our University. To this end, we also commit ourselves to the following actions: 

  1. Decolonizing and consistently revising/revisiting our curricula. This will be an ongoing process that will be greatly enriched by conversations amongst ourselves and with students
  2. Inviting speakers that include artists, community activists, and organizers working on issues related to Black Lives Matter, prison abolition, police reform and defunding, and related matters
  3. Building programming and events with other departments centered around these issues
  4. Inviting more black scholars to participate in our symposia, BARS, and other elements of departmental intellectual life
  5. Continuing to push for target of opportunity hires and postdoctoral fellows whose work intersects with issues of race/racism, policing and police violence, incarceration, and other timely issues
  6. Establishing a department collection and donation to an organization working on issues related to racial justice, anti-policing, and/or dismantling white supremacy

As a department and a community, we maintain solidarity with the global movements against police violence, racial injustice, and the degradation of Black lives. As academic anthropologists we encourage our colleagues in other universities across the world to join us in our condemnation of police-sponsored violence against Black people and racist policing. We also call on major professional organizations like the American Anthropological Association, Society for Cultural Anthropology, and Society for American Archaeology to not only stand in solidarity with current protests against racist policing and violence against Black people but also to take more significant steps to create platforms and programming for scholars and scholarship engaged with issues of Black life and survival.

These steps are just the beginning of an ongoing and necessary pathway towards social justice within our department and the larger community. We know that there is much to be done and hope that you will join us in committing to do that work. Below are some Campus, Community, and Academic resources for continuing the conversation. We have also included local and national organizations to support during these ongoing crises.

In Solidarity

 Amy Hanes
Aneil Tripathy
Anita Hannig
Arantxa Ortiz
Brian Horton
Charles Golden
Charlotte Goudge
Elanah Uretsky
Elizabeth Ferry
Ellen Schattschneider
George Van Kollias III
Houman Oliaei
Hui Wen
Jara Connell
Janet McIntosh
Javier Urcid
Jessica Priestley
Jonathan Anjaria
Julia Enriquez
Keridwen Luis
Laura Woolf
Laurel Carpenter
Lauren Santini
Maya Dworsky-Rocha
Max Seidita
Michael Kelley
Mordecai Chapman
Moriah King
Pascal Menoret
Patricia Alvarez Astacio
Richard Schroeder
Sarah Lamb
Sarah Schofield-Mansur
Tiffany Kapela-Barlow
V Varun Chaudhry
Zachary Tuomey

**Please note that not all members of the community are currently available, and that the absence of any individual's signature on this letter implies neither support, nor lack thereof, for this letter**

BRANDEIS CAMPUS RESOURCES

Brandeis University has made available numerous resources for faculty, students, and staff on issues of diversity, equity and inclusion.

The Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, headed by Mark Brimhall-Vargas hosts crucial programming, provides services, and generally works to guide all levels of the university to promote diversity, inclusion, and equity-based outcomes. Within the Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, there are several reporting centers and offices that host programming, support, and other services for students, faculty, and staff, such as the Intercultural Center and the Gender and Sexuality Center.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion: https://www.brandeis.edu/student-affairs/diversity.html

The Office of Equal Opportunity, headed by Sonia Jurado, is responsible for addressing issues related to discrimination, harassment, and sexual misconduct within the Brandeis Community. Their contact information and reporting instructions are below.

Office of Equal Opportunity: https://www.brandeis.edu/equal-opportunity/

Brandeis University offers a comprehensive nondiscrimination policy that guarantees the university “be free from discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, ancestry, religious creed, gender identity and expression, national or ethnic origin, caste, sex, sexual orientation, pregnancy, age,  genetic information, disability, military or veteran status or any other category protected by law (also known as membership in a ‘protected class’).” 

Nondiscrimination policy:

https://www.brandeis.edu/humanresources/policies/non-discrimination-harassment.html

RESOURCES FOR CONTEXT

Annual Review of Anthropology: Police and Policing: This article is a relatively comprehensive review of anthropological works on policing and police. See the bibliography for a list of sources.  https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-anthro-102317-050322#:~:text=The%20anthropology%20of%20policing%20draws,in%20longer%2Dterm%20disciplinary%20concerns.

Intro to the Anthropology of Police: A series of essays and resources for those interested in the anthropology of police: https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/research-subject-groups/centre-criminology/centreborder-criminologies/blog/2016/04/introduction

Resource Guide: Prisons, Policing, and Punishment: This resource guide offers introductory sources on policing, prisons, and punishment  https://medium.com/@micahherskind/resource-guide-prisons-policing-and-punishment-effb5e0f6620

Carceral Tech Resistance Network: ctrn is a space of convening for those organizing against the design, experimentation, and deployment of carceral technologies. https://www.carceral.tech

Reading Towards Abolition: A Reading List on Policing, Rebellion, and the Criminalization of Blackness: https://www.radicalhistoryreview.org/abusablepast/reading-towards-abolition-a-reading-list-on-policing-rebellion-and-the-criminalization-of-blackness/

Black Lives Matter Syllabus: NYU Professor Frank Leon Roberts’ Comprehensive and interactive syllabus for history, context, and possibility surrounding Black Lives Matter. http://www.blacklivesmattersyllabus.com

How White People Can Be Better Allies to the Black Community: https://witanddelight.com/2020/05/how-white-people-can-be-better-allies-to-the-black-community

Black Lives Matter Resources: A list of resources, toolkits, and documents for conversations on race, police violence, white privilege, and healing justice. https://blacklivesmatter.com/resources/

#BlackInTheIvory: Is a hashtag that has started on Twitter where Black members of the Academy share their experiences with discrimination and anti-Blackness https://twitter.com/BlackInTheIvory

READ, CITE, AND CELEBRATE BLACK ANTHROPOLOGISTS

Decanonizing Anthropology offers a list of black scholars to read as alternatives to the cannon https://footnotesblog.com/2019/02/15/decanonizing-anthropology/

The Society of Black Archaeologists offers a range of maps and databases related to topics such as the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, everyday life in Harlem at the turn of the 20th century, and mapping the 7th ward of Philadelphia. https://www.societyofblackarchaeologists.com/resources

The Association of Black Anthropologists offers a list of recent books written by black anthropologists   http://aba.americananthro.org/recent-books/

Global Social Theory is a UK-based project aimed at decolonizing social theory as it is taught in universities, and contains many resources by Black social theorists, including anthropologists. https://globalsocialtheory.org/

Recommended (but nowhere near exhaustive) Key Texts

Anténor Firmin-The Equality of Human Races (Positivist Anthropology) (Illinois, 2002)

Zora Neale Hurston-Baracoon: The Story of the Last Black Cargo (Amistad Books (reprint) 2018)

Mules and Men (Amistad Books (reprint), 2009)

Katherine Dunham-Island Possessed (Chicago, 1994)

Saint Clair Drake-Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (Chicago, 1970)

Mervyn Alleyne-Comparative Afro-American: an historical-comparative study of English-based Afro-American

dialects of the New World. (Karoma Publishers, 1980.)

Michel-Rolph Trouillot-Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History (Beacon, 2015)

“Anthropology and the Savage Slot: The Poetics and Politics of Otherness,” in Global

Transformations (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

Lee Baker-From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race 1896 – 1954 (California, 1998)

Faye Harrison(ed.)-Decolonizing Anthropology: Moving Further Toward an Anthropology for

Liberation (AAA, 1997)

Maria Franklin- “Why Are There so Few Black American Archaeologists” (Antiquity, 1997)

"Power to the People": Sociopolitics and the Archaeology of Black Americans” (Historical

Archaeology, 1997)

Theresa Singleton-“The Archaeology of Slavery in North America.”  (Annual Review of

Anthropology 1995) “I, too, am America:”Archaeological Studies of African-American Life. (University of Virginia 1999)

Anna Agbe-Davies- “Black Scholars, Black Pasts” (The SAA Archaeological Record, 2002)

Leith Mullings-“Interrogating Racism: Towards an antiracist anthropology.” (Annual Review of

Anthropology, 2005)

Kamari Clarke and Deborah Thomas (eds)-Globalization and Race Transformations in the

Cultural Production of Blackness (Duke, 2006)

Jafari Sinclaire Allen and Ryan Cecil Jobson: “The Decolonizing Generation: (Race and) Theory in

Anthropology since the Eighties” (Current Anthropology, 2016)

Laurence Ralph-The Torture Letters: Reckoning with Police Violence (Chicago, 2020)

Renegade Dreams: Living Through Injury in Gangland Chicago (Chicago, 2014)

Rebecca L. Carter-Prayers for the People: Homicide and Humanity in the Crescent City (Chicago, 2019)

RESOURCES TO SUPPORT

Black Lives Matter Boston: “BLM - Boston’s mission is to organize and build Black power in Boston and across the country. Some examples of this is to galvanize our communities to end state-sanctioned violence against Black people. To support the development of new Black leaders, as well as create a network where Black people feel empowered to determine our destinies in our communities.” https://blacklivesmatterboston.org

Black-owned Businesses: A List of black owned businesses nationally can be found at www.supportblackowned.com and here is a Boston specific list https://blackboston.com/list-of-black-owned-companies-in-the-boston-area-who-requested-referrals-from-aboutblackboston-online-buyblack/

Black Emotional and Mental Health Collective: “BEAM is a training, movement building and grant making organization dedicated to the healing, wellness and liberation of Black and marginalized communities.” https://www.beam.community

Black Trans Fund: “The Black Trans Fund is a groundbreaking endeavor: the first national fund in the country dedicated to uplifting and resourcing Black trans social justice leaders. BTF seeks to address the lack of funding for Black trans communities in the U.S. through direct grantmaking, capacity building support, and funder organizing to transform philanthropy.” 

https://groundswellfund.org/black-trans-fund/?fbclid=IwAR2GGCGrtd4yNLEOPQdactyM9l2F8l3iHlR9pnrzBPXsfe3mCJadt9OmzfA

Black Visions Collective: “Black Visions Collective (BLVC) believes in a future where all Black people have autonomy, safety is community-led, and we are in right relationship within our ecosystems.”  https://www.blackvisionsmn.org

Families for Justice Healing: Is an organization dedicated to ending the incarceration of women and girls in Massachusetts https://twitter.com/justicehealing

FANG Community Bail Fund: “The FANG Collective is a community organizing and direct action group that has been a part of campaigns for climate justice, indigenous sovereignty, prison abolition and resisting ICE.”  https://www.gofundme.com/f/fangbailfund

George Floyd Nationwide Protests: A list of bail funds and local initiatives organizing protests to support https://www.dsa-la.org/support_floyd_protests_nationwide . See also local efforts in Sommerville via @cortical.ribbon on Instagram, a hot meals community program. They are looking for volunteers who have extra fridges/freezers/space, volunteers to help cook, package, and distribute, and/or people who just want to donate money or ingredients.

The Loveland Foundation: “Loveland Foundation is committed to showing up for communities of color in unique and powerful ways, with a particular focus on Black women and girls. Our resources and initiatives are collaborative and they prioritize opportunity, access, validation, and healing. We are becoming the ones we’ve been waiting for.” https://thelovelandfoundation.org

Massachusetts Bail Fund: “The Massachusetts Bail Fund posts bails of up to $2000 in Essex & Suffolk Counties in Massachusetts.” https://www.massbailfund.org

Minnesota Freedom Fund: “The Minnesota Freedom Fund pays criminal bail and immigration bond for those who cannot afford to as we seek to end discriminatory, coercive, and oppressive jailing.” https://minnesotafreedomfund.org

Youth Enrichment Services: YES inspires and challenges youth from low income families with physical and mental activities that foster life-long respect for self, others, and the environment. https://yeskids.org

[1]Jafari Allen Sinclaire and Ryan Cecil Jobson (2016). “The Decolonizing Generation: (Race and) Theory in Anthropology since the Eighties” Current Anthropology (57:2): 131

[2] Princeton University Associate Professor of Anthropology Laurence Ralph asked in a series of tweets how whiteness could be so privileged within the social sciences? Using data from the Open Syllabus Project, he found these numbers. See his Twitter thread.

[3] Leith Mullings (2013) “Trayvon Martin, Race, and Anthropology,” Anthropology News (54:7)